Ali ibn al-Husayn Zayn al-'Abidin

Great-grandson of the Prophet Muhammad

659   -   713

country of citizenship: Umayyad Caliphate
language of expression: Arabic
occupation: theologian
student of: Husayn ibn Ali

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Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin (Arabic: عَلِيّ ٱبْن ٱلْحُسَيْن زَيْن ٱلْعَابِدِين‎), also known as al-Sajjad (Arabic: ٱلسَّجَّاد‎, "The Consistently Prostrating") or simply Zayn al-Abidin (Arabic: زَيْن ٱلْعَابِدِين‎, "Adornment of the Worshippers"), was the fourth Shia Imam, after his father Husayn ibn Ali, his uncle Hasan ibn Ali, and his grandfather Ali ibn Abi Talib. Ali ibn Husayn survived the Battle of Karbala in 680 CE, after which he and other surviving family members and companions of Husayn were taken to Yazid I in Damascus. Eventually, he was allowed to return to Medina, where he led a secluded life with a few intimate companions. Imam Sajjad's life and statements were entirely devoted to asceticism and religious teachings, mostly in the form of invocations and supplications. His famous supplications are known as Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.
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