Shoghi Effendi cover

photo credits: Unknown - PD Israel

Shoghi Effendi

Guardian of the Bahá'í Faith

1897   -   1957

country of citizenship: Iran
educated at: Balliol College
occupation: religious leader, Guardian of the Bahá'í Faith

Shoghí Effendí Rabbání (1 March 1897 – 4 November 1957), better known as Shoghi Effendi (), was the Guardian and appointed head of the Bahá'í Faith from 1921 until his death in 1957. Shoghi Effendi spent his early life in ʿAkkā (Acre). His education was directed to serving as secretary and translator to his grandfather, `Abdu'l-Bahá, then leader of the Bahá'í Faith and son of the religion's founder, Bahá'u'lláh. After the death of `Abdu'l-Bahá in 1921, the leadership of the Bahá'í community changed from that of a single individual to an administrative order with executive and legislative branches, the head of each being the Guardianship and the Universal House of Justice, respectively. Shoghi Effendi was referred to as the Guardian, and had the authority to interpret the writings of the three central figures of the religion and define the sphere of legislative authority. His writings are effectively limited to commentaries on the works of the central figures, and broad directives for the future. Future hereditary Guardians were permitted in the Bahá'í scripture by appointment from one to the next with the prerequisite that appointees be male descendants of Bahá'u'lláh. At the time of Shoghi Effendi's death, all living male descendants of Bahá'u'lláh had been declared Covenant-breakers by either `Abdu'l-Bahá or Shoghi Effendi, leaving no suitable living candidates. Shoghi Effendi died without appointing a successor Guardian, and the Universal House of Justice, the only institution authorized to adjudicate on situations not covered in scripture, later announced that it could not legislate to make possible the appointment of a successor to Shoghi Effendi. Shoghi Effendi was the first and last person acknowledged as Guardian of the Bahá'í Faith.
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God Passes By

English-language work by Shoghi Effendi, then-leader of the Bahá'í Faith; provides theological perspective on the religion's history from 1844 to 1944

author: Shoghi Effendi


Bahá'í Administration

collection of letters and messages from Shoghi Effendi addressed to the Bahá'ís of the United States and Canada from Jan. 1922 to July 1932

author: Shoghi Effendi


Advent of Divine Justice

letter sent by Shoghi Effendi to Bahá'ís in North America, on Christmas 1938; describes the role of the U.S. in establishing the Most Great Peace

author: Shoghi Effendi


World Order of Bahá'u'lláh

collection of letters and messages from Shoghi Effendi

author: Shoghi Effendi


The Dispensation of Bahá'u'lláh

letter by Shoghi Effendi

author: Shoghi Effendi

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