John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir cover

photo credits: English Wikipedia

John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir

British politician and author

1875   -   1940

country of citizenship: United Kingdom
educated at: Brasenose College, University of Glasgow
occupation: journalist, politician, novelist, writer, screenwriter, military personnel, biographer, science fiction writer
award received: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, James Tait Black Memorial Prize, Order of the Companions of Honour, King George VI Coronation Medal
position held: Governor General of Canada, Member of the House of Lords, Member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Member of the 36th Parliament of the United Kingdom, Member of the 35th Parliament of the United Kingdom, Member of the 34th Parliament of the United Kingdom

John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, (; 26 August 1875 – 11 February 1940) was a Scottish novelist, historian, and Unionist politician who served as Governor General of Canada, the 15th since Canadian Confederation. After a brief legal career, Buchan simultaneously began his writing career and his political and diplomatic careers, serving as a private secretary to the administrator of various colonies in southern Africa. He eventually wrote propaganda for the British war effort during World War I. He was elected Member of Parliament for the Combined Scottish Universities in 1927, but he spent most of his time on his writing career, notably writing The Thirty-Nine Steps and other adventure fiction. In 1935, King George V, on the advice of Prime Minister R. B. Bennett, appointed Buchan to replace the Earl of Bessborough as Governor General of Canada, for which purpose Buchan was raised to the peerage. He occupied the post until his death in 1940. Buchan was enthusiastic about literacy and the development of Canadian culture, and he received a state funeral in Canada before his ashes were returned to the United Kingdom.
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