Author

George Orwell cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

George Orwell

English author and journalist

1903   -   1950

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genre: dystopian literature
country of citizenship: United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
native language: English
languages spoken, written or signed: English, French
educated at: Eton College, Wellington College, St Cyprian's School
occupation: writer
award received: Prometheus Award - Hall of Fame, Prometheus Award, Hugo Award for Best Novella
influenced by: Charles Dickens

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950) known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. His work is characterised by lucid prose, biting social criticism, total opposition to totalitarianism, and outspoken support of democratic socialism.As a writer, Orwell produced literary criticism and poetry, fiction and polemical journalism. He is known for the allegorical novella Animal Farm (1945) and the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949). His non-fiction works, including The Road to Wigan Pier (1937), documenting his experience of working-class life in the north of England, and Homage to Catalonia (1938), an account of his experiences soldiering for the Republican faction of the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), are as critically respected as his essays on politics and literature, language and culture. In 2008, The Times ranked George Orwell second among "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945".Orwell's work remains influential in popular culture and in political culture, and the adjective "Orwellian"—describing totalitarian and authoritarian social practices—is part of the English language, like many of his neologisms, such as "Big Brother", "Thought Police", "Two Minutes Hate", "Room 101", "memory hole", "Newspeak", "doublethink", "unperson", and "thoughtcrime", as well as providing direct inspiration for the neologism "groupthink".
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