Dionysius Thrax

ancient Greek grammarian

170   -   1989

occupation: grammarian, writer
student of: Aristarchus of Samothrace

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Dionysius Thrax (Greek: Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ, Ancient: [di.o.ný:.si.os ho tʰrâːi̯ks], Contemporary Koine: [djoˈny.sjos ho ˈtʰraks]; 170–90 BC) was a Hellenistic grammarian and a pupil of Aristarchus of Samothrace. His place of origin was not Thrace as the epithet "Thrax" denotes, but probably Alexandria (his father's descent was Thracian). He lived and worked in this city but later taught at Rhodes. The first extant grammar of Greek, Art of Grammar (Τέχνη γραμματική Tékhnē grammatiké) is attributed to him but many scholars today doubt that the work really belongs solely to him due to the difference between the technical approach of most of the work and the more literary approach (similar to the 2nd century's Alexandrian tradition) of the first few sections. It concerns itself primarily with a morphological description of Greek, lacking any treatment of syntax. The work was translated into Armenian and Syriac in the early Christian era. Thrax defines grammar at the beginning of the Tékhnē as "the practical knowledge of the general usages of poets and prose writers." Thus Dionysius Thrax, like contemporary Alexandrian scholars who edited Attic Greek and Homeric texts, was concerned with facilitating the teaching of classic Greek literature to an audience who spoke Koine Greek.
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Art of Grammar

treatise on Greek grammar, attributed to Dionysius Thrax, who wrote in the 2nd century BCE; the first work on grammar in Greek

author: Dionysius Thrax

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