J. K. Rowling cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

J. K. Rowling

British novelist

1965   -  


genre: tragicomedy, crime novel, fantasy
country of citizenship: United Kingdom
native language: British English
languages spoken, written or signed: English
educated at: Wyedean School, University of Exeter
occupation: film producer, writer, novelist, children's writer, screenwriter, author, executive producer
award received: Knight of the Legion of Honour, Officer of the Order of the British Empire, Hans Christian Andersen Literature Award, Princess of Asturias Award for Concord, Nestlé Children's Book Prize, Locus Award for Best Fantasy Novel, Hugo Award for Best Novel, Andre Norton Award, James Joyce Awards, Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Publieksprijs voor het Nederlandse Boek, Hotze de Roos Prize, Children's bookshop prize, Prijs van de Jonge Jury, Prijs van de Nederlandse Kinderjury, honorary doctor of the University of Aberdeen, Order of the Companions of Honour, Order of the Smile, Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, honorary doctor of Harvard University, Geffen Award, Anthony Award, honorary doctor of the University of St Andrews, honorary doctor of the Edinburgh Napier University, honorary doctor of the University of Edinburgh, honorary doctor of the University of Exeter, Paabeli Torn
influenced by: George Eliot, Edith Nesbit, Emily Brontë, Lloyd Alexander, G. K. Chesterton, Elizabeth Goudge, Stephen King, T. H. White, J. D. Salinger, Jessica Mitford, Sylvia Plath, C. S. Lewis

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Joanne Rowling ( ROH-ling; born 31 July 1965), better known by her pen name J. K. Rowling, is a British author, philanthropist, film producer, and screenwriter. She is author of the Harry Potter fantasy series, which has won multiple awards and sold more than 500 million copies, becoming the best-selling book series in history. The books are the basis of a popular film series, over which Rowling had overall approval on the scripts and was a producer on the final films. She also writes crime fiction under the pen name Robert Galbraith. Born in Yate, Gloucestershire, Rowling was working as a researcher and bilingual secretary for Amnesty International in 1990 when she conceived the idea for the Harry Potter series while on a delayed train from Manchester to London. The seven-year period that followed saw the death of her mother, birth of her first child, divorce from her first husband, and relative poverty until the first novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, was published in 1997. There were six sequels, of which the last was released in 2007. Since then, Rowling has written several books for adult readers: The Casual Vacancy (2012) and—under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith—the crime fiction Cormoran Strike series. In 2020, her "political fairytale" for children, The Ickabog, was released in instalments in an online version.Rowling has lived a "rags to riches" life in which she progressed from living on benefits to being named the world's first billionaire author by Forbes. Rowling disputed the assertion, saying she was not a billionaire. Forbes reported that she lost her billionaire status after giving away much of her earnings to charity. Her UK sales total in excess of £238 million, making her the best-selling living author in Britain. The 2021 Sunday Times Rich List estimated Rowling's fortune at £820 million, ranking her as the 196th richest person in the UK. Rowling was appointed a member of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) in the 2017 Birthday Honours for services to literature and philanthropy. Rowling has supported multiple charities, including Comic Relief, One Parent Families, and Multiple Sclerosis Society of Great Britain, as well as launching her own charity, Lumos. Time named her a runner-up for its 2007 Person of the Year, noting the social, moral, and political inspiration she has given her fans. In October 2010, she was named the "Most Influential Woman in Britain" by leading magazine editors. Rowling has voiced views on UK politics, especially in opposition to Scottish independence and Brexit, and has been critical of her relationship with the press. Since late 2019, Rowling has publicly voiced her opinions on transgender people and related civil rights. These views have been criticised as transphobic by LGBT rights organisations and some feminists, but have received support from some other feminists and individuals.
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