Rudyard Kipling

English short-story writer, poet, and novelist

1865   -   1936

country of citizenship: United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
educated at: United Services College
occupation: writer, poet, novelist, war correspondent, children's writer, autobiographer, screenwriter, journalist, science fiction writer, hymnwriter, author
award received: Nobel Prize in Literature, Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature
influenced by: Robert Louis Stevenson

Joseph Rudyard Kipling ( RUD-yərd; 30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936) was an English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist. He was born in India, which inspired much of his work. Kipling's works of fiction include The Jungle Book (1894), Kim (1901), and many short stories, including "The Man Who Would Be King" (1888). His poems include "Mandalay" (1890), "Gunga Din" (1890), "The Gods of the Copybook Headings" (1919), "The White Man's Burden" (1899), and "If—" (1910). He is regarded as a major innovator in the art of the short story; his children's books are classics of children's literature, and one critic described his work as exhibiting "a versatile and luminous narrative gift".Kipling was one of the most popular writers in the United Kingdom, in both prose and verse, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Henry James said: "Kipling strikes me personally as the most complete man of genius, as distinct from fine intelligence, that I have ever known." In 1907, at the age of 41, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, making him the first English-language writer to receive the prize and its youngest recipient to date. He was also sounded out for the British Poet Laureateship and on several occasions for a knighthood, both of which he declined.Kipling's subsequent reputation has changed according to the political and social climate of the age and the resulting contrasting views about him continued for much of the 20th century. George Orwell saw Kipling as "a jingo imperialist", who was "morally insensitive and aesthetically disgusting". Literary critic Douglas Kerr wrote: "[Kipling] is still an author who can inspire passionate disagreement and his place in literary and cultural history is far from settled. But as the age of the European empires recedes, he is recognised as an incomparable, if controversial, interpreter of how empire was experienced. That, and an increasing recognition of his extraordinary narrative gifts, make him a force to be reckoned with."
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works

141

Just So Stories

short story collection

author: Rudyard Kipling

1902

The Jungle Book

1894 children's book by Rudyard Kipling

author: Rudyard Kipling
illustrator: John Lockwood Kipling

1894

Kim

picaresque novel by Rudyard Kipling

author: Rudyard Kipling
illustrator: Harold Robert Millar

1901

Captains Courageous

literary work

author: Rudyard Kipling

1897

Plain Tales from the Hills

book by Rudyard Kipling

author: Rudyard Kipling

1888

Rikki-Tikki-Tavi

short story in The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling

author: Rudyard Kipling

1893

The Elephant's Child

Short story, fantasy animal story for young children (how the elephant got its trunk)

author: Rudyard Kipling
illustrator: Frank Ver Beck, Rudyard Kipling

1900

Puck of Pook's Hill

book by Rudyard Kipling

author: Rudyard Kipling

1906

The Man Who Would Be King

novella by Rudyard Kipling

author: Rudyard Kipling

1888

How the Camel Got His Hump

literair werk van Rudyard Kipling

author: Rudyard Kipling

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