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Russian-Soviet writer and poetwd:Q348497
novel, short story, powest, ocherk, essay, poetry
country of citizenship: Russian Empire, Soviet Union
native language: Russian
language of expression: French, Russian
educated at: First Moscow gymnasium
occupation: journalist, writer, poet, novelist, screenwriter, translator, politician, children's writer
award received: Knight of the Legion of Honour, Order of Lenin, Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Order of the Red Star, Medal "For the Defence of Moscow", Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945", Medal "For Valiant Labour in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945", Stalin Prize, International Stalin Prize for Peace, Lenin Peace Prize
position held: member of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union
Ilya Grigoryevich Ehrenburg (Russian: Илья́ Григо́рьевич Эренбу́рг, pronounced [ɪˈlʲja ɡrʲɪˈɡorʲjɪvɪtɕ ɪrʲɪnˈburk] (listen); 26 January [O.S. 14 January] 1891 – 31 August 1967) was a Soviet writer, Bolshevik revolutionary, journalist and historian.
Ehrenburg is among the most prolific and notable authors of the Soviet Union; he published around one hundred titles. He became known first and foremost as a novelist and a journalist – in particular, as a reporter in three wars (First World War, Spanish Civil War and the Second World War). His articles on the Second World War have provoked intense controversies in West Germany, especially during the sixties.
The novel The Thaw gave its name to an entire era of Soviet politics, namely, the liberalization after the death of Joseph Stalin. Ehrenburg's travel writing also had great resonance, as did to an arguably greater extent his memoir People, Years, Life, which may be his best known and most discussed work. The Black Book, edited by him and Vassily Grossman, has special historical significance; detailing the genocide on Soviet citizens of Jewish ancestry by the Nazis, it is the first documentary work on the Holocaust. In addition, Ehrenburg wrote a succession of works of poetry.
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collection of documents and eyewitness accounts of crimes against the Jewish people on the territory of the USSR and Poland during the Holocaustwd:Q2525280