Author

Adolf Hitler cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Adolf Hitler

chancellor and Führer of Germany; leader of the Nazi Party

1889   -   1945

movement: ethnic cleansing, nazism, antisemitism, vegetarianism, tobacco control
country of citizenship: Austria-Hungary, Weimar Republic, Republic of German-Austria, First Republic of Austria, Nazi Germany
native language: German
language of expression: Austrian German, German
educated at: Lambach Abbey, Realschule of Linz
occupation: soldier, painter, political writer, revolutionary, politician, writer
award received: Iron Cross, Wound Badge, Honorary citizen of Sankt Andreasberg, honorary citizenship of Goslar, Collar of the Imperial Order of the Red Arrows, Golden Party Badge, The Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918, Blood Order, honorary citizen of Trier, Time Person of the Year
position held: Reichskanzler, Reichsstatthalter, Reichspräsident, member of the Reichstag of the Weimar Republic, member of the Reichstag of Nazi Germany
influenced by: Paul Devrient, Georg Ritter von Schönerer, Karl Lueger, Karl Hermann Wolf

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Adolf Hitler (German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] (listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP). He rose to power as the chancellor of Germany in 1933 and then as Führer in 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland on 1 September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust. Hitler was born in Austria—then part of Austria-Hungary—and was raised near Linz. He moved to Germany in 1913 and was decorated during his service in the German Army in World War I. In 1919, he joined the German Workers' Party (DAP), the precursor of the NSDAP, and was appointed leader of the NSDAP in 1921. In 1923, he attempted to seize power in a failed coup in Munich and was imprisoned. In jail, he dictated the first volume of his autobiography and political manifesto Mein Kampf ("My Struggle"). After his release in 1924, Hitler gained popular support by attacking the Treaty of Versailles and promoting Pan-Germanism, anti-semitism and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and Nazi propaganda. He frequently denounced international capitalism and communism as part of a Jewish conspiracy. By November 1932, the Nazi Party had the most seats in the German Reichstag but did not have a majority. As a result, no party was able to form a majority parliamentary coalition in support of a candidate for chancellor. Former chancellor Franz von Papen and other conservative leaders persuaded President Paul von Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as chancellor on 30 January 1933. Shortly after, the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act of 1933 which began the process of transforming the Weimar Republic into Nazi Germany, a one-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of National Socialism. Hitler aimed to eliminate Jews from Germany and establish a New Order to counter what he saw as the injustice of the post-World War I international order dominated by Britain and France. His first six years in power resulted in rapid economic recovery from the Great Depression, the abrogation of restrictions imposed on Germany after World War I, and the annexation of territories inhabited by millions of ethnic Germans, which gave him significant popular support. Hitler sought Lebensraum ("living space") for the German people in Eastern Europe, and his aggressive foreign policy is considered the primary cause of World War II in Europe. He directed large-scale rearmament and, on 1 September 1939, invaded Poland, resulting in Britain and France declaring war on Germany. In June 1941, Hitler ordered an invasion of the Soviet Union. By the end of 1941, German forces and the European Axis powers occupied most of Europe and North Africa. These gains were gradually reversed after 1941, and in 1945 the Allied armies defeated the German army. On 29 April 1945, he married his longtime lover Eva Braun. Less than two days later, the couple committed suicide to avoid capture by the Soviet Red Army. Their corpses were burned. Under Hitler's leadership and racially motivated ideology, the Nazi regime was responsible for the genocide of about 6 million Jews and millions of other victims whom he and his followers deemed Untermenschen (subhumans) or socially undesirable. Hitler and the Nazi regime were also responsible for the killing of an estimated 19.3 million civilians and prisoners of war. In addition, 28.7 million soldiers and civilians died as a result of military action in the European theatre. The number of civilians killed during World War II was unprecedented in warfare, and the casualties constitute the deadliest conflict in history. Hitler's actions and Nazi ideology are almost universally regarded as gravely immoral. According to Ian Kershaw, "Never in history has such ruination—physical and moral—been associated with the name of one man."
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works

4

Mein Kampf

autobiographical manifesto by the National Socialist leader Adolf Hitler

author: Adolf Hitler

1925

Zweites Buch

book containing an unedited transcript of Adolf Hitler's thoughts on foreign policy written in 1928; written after Mein Kampf, but not published in his lifetime

author: Adolf Hitler

1961

Hitler's Letters and Notes

book by Werner Maser

author: Werner Maser, Adolf Hitler

1974

Hitler's Table Talk, 1941-1944

author: Adolf Hitler

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