Jane Austen cover

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Jane Austen

English novelist (1775-1817)

1775   -   1817


movement: literary realism, literary Costumbrism
genre: romance novel, Gothic literature
country of citizenship: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Great Britain
native language: English
languages spoken, written or signed: English
educated at: Reading Abbey Girls' School
occupation: writer, short story writer, novelist

Jane Austen (; 16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century. Austen's plots often explore the dependence of women on marriage in the pursuit of favourable social standing and economic security. Her works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century literary realism. Her use of biting irony, along with her realism and social commentary, have earned her acclaim among critics and scholars. With the publication of Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814) and Emma (1816), she achieved success as a published writer. She wrote two other novels, Northanger Abbey and Persuasion, both published posthumously in 1818, and began another, eventually titled Sanditon, but died before its completion. She also left behind three volumes of juvenile writings in manuscript, the short epistolary novel Lady Susan, and another unfinished novel, The Watsons. Her six full-length novels have rarely been out of print, although they were published anonymously and brought her moderate success and little fame during her lifetime. A significant transition in her posthumous reputation occurred in 1833, when her novels were republished in Richard Bentley's Standard Novels series, illustrated by Ferdinand Pickering, and sold as a set. They gradually gained wider acclaim and popular readership. In 1869, fifty-two years after her death, her nephew's publication of A Memoir of Jane Austen introduced a compelling version of her writing career and supposedly uneventful life to an eager audience. Austen has inspired a large number of critical essays and literary anthologies. Her novels have inspired many films, from 1940's Pride and Prejudice to more recent productions like Sense and Sensibility (1995) and Love & Friendship (2016).
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    • Catherine Morland/I ( 1898 )

      article n° I paru dans La Revue blanche

      author: Jane Austen

    • Catherine Morland/II ( 1898 )

      article n° II paru dans La Revue blanche

      author: Jane Austen

    • Catherine Morland/III ( 1898 )

      article n° III paru dans La Revue blanche

      author: Jane Austen

    • Catherine Morland/IV ( 1898 )

      article n° IV paru dans La Revue blanche

      author: Jane Austen

    • Catherine Morland/V ( 1898 )

      article n° V paru dans La Revue blanche

      author: Jane Austen

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