Charles-Adolphe Wurtz cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Charles-Adolphe Wurtz

French chemist

1817   -   1884

country of citizenship: France
language of expression: French, German
educated at: University of Strasbourg, University of Giessen, Jean Sturm Gymnasium
occupation: chemist, politician, university teacher, physician
award received: Copley Medal, Faraday Lectureship Prize, Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour, Foreign Member of the Royal Society
position held: irremovable senator, senator of the French Third Republic, Mayor of 7th arrondissement of Paris
student of: Justus von Liebig, Jean-Baptiste Dumas

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Charles Adolphe Wurtz (French: [vyʁts]; 26 November 1817 – 10 May 1884) was an Alsatian French chemist. He is best remembered for his decades-long advocacy for the atomic theory and for ideas about the structures of chemical compounds, against the skeptical opinions of chemists such as Marcellin Berthelot and Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville. He is well known by organic chemists for the Wurtz reaction, to form carbon-carbon bonds by reacting alkyl halides with sodium, and for his discoveries of ethylamine, ethylene glycol, and the aldol reaction. Wurtz was also an influential writer and educator.
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