George John Mitchell Jr. cover

photo credits: CC-PD-Mark

George John Mitchell Jr.

American politician

1933   -  

country of citizenship: United States of America
educated at: Bowdoin College, Georgetown University Law Center
occupation: politician, judge, lawyer, entrepreneur, screenwriter, diplomat
award received: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize, Four Freedoms Award - Freedom Medal, Philadelphia Liberty Medal, Peace Prize of Hesse, Theodore Roosevelt Award, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Benjamin Franklin Medal
position held: United States senator, United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland, President pro tempore of the United States Senate

George John Mitchell Jr. (born August 20, 1933) is an American lawyer, businessman, author and politician. A member of the Democratic Party, Mitchell served as a United States Senator from Maine from 1980 to 1995 and as Senate Majority Leader from 1989 to 1995. He briefly served as a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Maine from 1979 to 1980. Since retiring from the Senate, Mitchell has taken up a variety of positions in politics and business. He has taken a leading role in negotiations for peace in Northern Ireland and the Middle East, being appointed United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland (1995–2001) by President Clinton and as United States Special Envoy for Middle East Peace (2009–2011) by President Barack Obama. He was a primary architect of the 1996 Mitchell Principles and the 1998 Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland, and was the main investigator in two "Mitchell Reports", one on the Arab–Israeli conflict (2001) and one on the use of performance-enhancing drugs in baseball (2007). Mitchell served as chairman of The Walt Disney Company from March 2004 until January 2007, and later as chairman of the international law firm DLA Piper. He was the Chancellor of Queen's University in Belfast, Northern Ireland, from 1999 to 2009. Mitchell also has served as a co-chair of the Housing Commission at the Bipartisan Policy Center.
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