photo credits: Wikimedia Commons
1st General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (1879-1942)wd:Q369681
movement: New Culture Movement
country of citizenship: Qing dynasty, Republic of China (1912–1949)
language of expression: Chinese
educated at: Qiushi Academy, Kobun Institute, Tokyo Shinbu Gakko, Waseda University, Zhejiang University
occupation: politician, professor, philosopher, journalist, writer
position held: General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
Chen Duxiu (Chinese: 陳獨秀; Wade–Giles: Ch'en Tu-hsiu; October 8, 1879 – May 27, 1942) was a Chinese revolutionary socialist, educator, philosopher and author, who co-founded the Communist Party of China (with Li Dazhao) in 1921, serving from 1921 to 1927 as its first General Secretary. Chen was a leading figure in both the Xinhai Revolution that overthrew the Qing dynasty and the May Fourth Movement for scientific and democratic developments in early Republic of China. Expelled from the Communist Party in 1929, he was for a time the leader of China's small Trotskyist movement.
Chen's ancestral home was in Anqing, Anhui, where he established the influential vernacular Chinese periodical New Youth (Xin Qingnian).
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