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photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Jean Dieudonné

French mathematician

1906   -   1992

country of citizenship: France, Brazil
language of expression: French
educated at: Lycée Condorcet, École normale supérieure
occupation: mathematician, historian of mathematics
award received: Gaston-Julia Award, Concours général, Leroy P. Steele Prize
position held: president

Jean Alexandre Eugène Dieudonné (French: [djødɔne]; 1 July 1906 – 29 November 1992) was a French mathematician, notable for research in abstract algebra, algebraic geometry, and functional analysis, for close involvement with the Nicolas Bourbaki pseudonymous group and the Éléments de géométrie algébrique project of Alexander Grothendieck, and as a historian of mathematics, particularly in the fields of functional analysis and algebraic topology. His work on the classical groups (the book La Géométrie des groupes classiques was published in 1955), and on formal groups, introducing what now are called Dieudonné modules, had a major effect on those fields. He was born and brought up in Lille, with a formative stay in England where he was introduced to algebra. In 1924 he was admitted to the École Normale Supérieure, where André Weil was a classmate. He began working in complex analysis. In 1934 he was one of the group of normaliens convened by Weil, which would become 'Bourbaki'.
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