photo credits: Wikimedia Commons
Irish novelist, playwright, and poet (1906-1989)wd:Q37327
movement: Nouveau Roman
country of citizenship: Ireland, France
native language: English
language of expression: French, English
educated at: Trinity College Dublin
occupation: writer, linguist, film director, screenwriter, cricketer, poet, novelist, playwright, translator, artist, author, teacher, intellectual, French Resistance fighter, video artist
award received: Nobel Prize in Literature, Prix Formentor, AAAS Fellow, Saoi, honorary doctorate of Trinity College, Dublin, Scholar of Trinity College, Dublin, Obie Award
student of: James Joyce
Samuel Barclay Beckett (; 13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989) was an Irish novelist, playwright, short story writer, theatre director, poet, and literary translator. A resident of Paris for most of his adult life, he wrote in both French and English.
Beckett's multi-faceted work offers a bleak, tragi-comic outlook on existence and experience, often coupled with black comedy and nonsense. It became increasingly minimalist in his later career, involving more aesthetic and linguistic experimentation. He is considered one of the last modernist writers, and one of the key figures in what Martin Esslin called the "Theatre of the Absurd". His best-known work is his 1953 play Waiting for Godot.
Beckett was awarded the 1969 Nobel Prize in Literature "for his writing, which—in new forms for the novel and drama—in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation". He was elected Saoi of Aosdána in 1984.
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