Arthur Schopenhauer

German philosopher

1788   -   1860

movement: Irrationalism
country of citizenship: German Confederation
educated at: University of Göttingen, Humboldt University of Berlin
occupation: university teacher, philosopher, writer, musicologist
influenced by: Plato, John Locke, Baruch Spinoza, David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Arthur Schopenhauer ( SHOH-pən-how-ər; German: [ˈʔaɐ̯tʊɐ̯ ˈʃoːpm̩ˌhaʊ̯ɐ]; 22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher. He is best known for his 1818 work The World as Will and Representation (expanded in 1844), wherein he characterizes the phenomenal world as the product of a blind and insatiable metaphysical will. Proceeding from the transcendental idealism of Immanuel Kant, Schopenhauer developed an atheistic metaphysical and ethical system that has been described as an exemplary manifestation of philosophical pessimism, rejecting the contemporaneous post-Kantian philosophies of German idealism. Schopenhauer was among the first thinkers in Western philosophy to share and affirm significant tenets of Eastern philosophy (e.g., asceticism, the world-as-appearance), having initially arrived at similar conclusions as the result of his own philosophical work.Though his work failed to garner substantial attention during his life, Schopenhauer has had a posthumous impact across various disciplines, including philosophy, literature, and science. His writing on aesthetics, morality, and psychology influenced thinkers and artists throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. Those who cited his influence include Friedrich Nietzsche, Richard Wagner, Leo Tolstoy, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Erwin Schrödinger, Otto Rank, Gustav Mahler, Joseph Campbell, Albert Einstein, Carl Jung, Thomas Mann, Émile Zola, George Bernard Shaw, Jorge Luis Borges and Samuel Beckett.
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works

18

Immortality: A Dialogue

play written by Arthur Schopenhauer

author: Arthur Schopenhauer

The Art of Being Right

sarcastic treatise by Arthur Schopenhauer on the 38 ways of winning an argument

author: Arthur Schopenhauer

1864

On the Basis of Morality

verko de Arturo Schopenhauer

author: Arthur Schopenhauer

On Vision and Colors

book by Arthur Schopenhauer

author: Arthur Schopenhauer

A Arte de Insultar

book by Arthur Schopenhauer

author: Arthur Schopenhauer

Aphorisms on the Wisdom of Life

essay by Arthur Schopenhauer

author: Arthur Schopenhauer

1851

The World as Will and Representation

book by Arthur Schopenhauer

author: Arthur Schopenhauer

1819

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