Tafsir al-Kabir


Al-Tafsir al-Kabir (Arabic: التفسير الكبير‎, lit. 'The Large Commentary'), also known as Mafatih al-Ghayb (Arabic: مفاتيح الغيب‎, lit. 'Keys to the Unknown'), is a classical Islamic tafsir book, written by the Persian Islamic theologian and philosopher Muhammad ibn Umar Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149–1209 AD i'e 543 AH). The book is an exegesis and commentary on the Qur'an. Originally it was named Mafatih Al-Ghayb, however it was nicknamed as Tafsir Al-Kabir. At 32 volumes, it is larger than the 28-volume tafsir of At-Tabari named Jami' Al-Bayan. It is not unusual for contemporary works to use it as a reference. One of [his] major concerns was the self-sufficiency of the intellect. [...] [He] believed [that] proofs based on tradition (hadith) could never lead to certainty (yaqin) but only to presumption (zann), a key distinction in Islamic thought. [...] [However] his acknowledgement of the primacy of the Qur'an grew with his years. [...] [Al-Razi's rationalism] undoubtedly holds an important place in the debate in the Islamic tradition on the harmonization of reason and revelation. In his later years, he also showed interest in mysticism, although this never formed a significant part of his thought.
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