Author

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photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

David Hilbert

German mathematician

1862   -   1943

country of citizenship: Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire, Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany
languages spoken, written or signed: German
educated at: University of Königsberg, Collegium Fridericianum
occupation: mathematician, university teacher, philosopher, physicist
award received: Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts order, Poncelet Prize, Cothenius Medal, Bolyai Prize, Lobachevsky Prize, Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art, Foreign Member of the Royal Society, Goethe-Medaille für Kunst und Wissenschaft
influenced by: Immanuel Kant

David Hilbert (; German: [ˈdaːvɪt ˈhɪlbɐt]; 23 January 1862 – 14 February 1943) was a German mathematician and one of the most influential mathematicians of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Hilbert discovered and developed a broad range of fundamental ideas in many areas, including invariant theory, the calculus of variations, commutative algebra, algebraic number theory, the foundations of geometry, spectral theory of operators and its application to integral equations, mathematical physics, and the foundations of mathematics (particularly proof theory). Hilbert adopted and defended Georg Cantor's set theory and transfinite numbers. In 1900, he presented a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century.Hilbert and his students contributed significantly to establishing rigor and developed important tools used in modern mathematical physics. Hilbert is known as one of the founders of proof theory and mathematical logic.
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