Author

Mircea Eliade cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Mircea Eliade

Romanian-American historian, writer, philosopher and professor at the University of Chicago.

1907   -   1986

country of citizenship: Kingdom of Romania, Socialist Republic of Romania, United States of America
language of expression: French, English, Romanian, German, Italian, Persian
educated at: University of Calcutta, University of Bucharest
occupation: anthropologist, diplomat, historian of religion, historian, journalist, novelist, philosopher, essayist, playwright, pedagogue, university teacher, literary critic, biographer, mythographer, diarist, writer, religious studies scholar
award received: Legion of Honour, Gordon J. Laing Award
influenced by: Nae Ionescu, Honoré de Balzac

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Mircea Eliade (Romanian: [ˈmirt͡ʃe̯a eliˈade]; March 13 [O.S. February 24] 1907 – April 22, 1986) was a Romanian historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, and professor at the University of Chicago. He was a leading interpreter of religious experience, who established paradigms in religious studies that persist to this day. His theory that hierophanies form the basis of religion, splitting the human experience of reality into sacred and profane space and time, has proved influential. One of his most instrumental contributions to religious studies was his theory of eternal return, which holds that myths and rituals do not simply commemorate hierophanies, but, at least to the minds of the religious, actually participate in them.His literary works belong to the fantastic and autobiographical genres. The best known are the novels Maitreyi ('La Nuit Bengali' or 'Bengal Nights'), Noaptea de Sânziene ('The Forbidden Forest'), Isabel și apele diavolului ('Isabel and the Devil's Waters'), and Romanul Adolescentului Miop ('Novel of the Nearsighted Adolescent'); the novellas Domnișoara Christina ('Miss Christina') and Tinerețe fără tinerețe ('Youth Without Youth'); and the short stories Secretul doctorului Honigberger ('The Secret of Dr. Honigberger') and La Țigănci ('With the Gypsy Girls'). Early in his life, Eliade was a journalist and essayist, a disciple of Romanian far-right philosopher and journalist Nae Ionescu, and a member of the literary society Criterion. In the 1940s, he served as cultural attaché to the United Kingdom and Portugal. Several times during the late 1930s, Eliade publicly expressed his support for the Iron Guard, a fascist and antisemitic political organization. His political involvement at the time, as well as his other far right connections, were frequently criticised after World War II (including by himself). Noted for his vast erudition, Eliade had fluent command of five languages (Romanian, French, German, Italian, and English) and a reading knowledge of three others (Hebrew, Persian, and Sanskrit). He was elected a posthumous member of the Romanian Academy.
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Series

0

Works

42

Bengal Nights

1933 Romanian novel by Mircea Eliade

author: Mircea Eliade

1993

Youth Without Youth

novel by Mircea Eliade

author: Mircea Eliade

1976

The Myth of the Eternal Return

book by Mircea Eliade proposing his idea of religious motivation

author: Mircea Eliade

1949

Символизм, сакральное и искусство

сборник эссе румынского историка религий Мирчи Элиаде

author: Mircea Eliade

Twelve Thousand Head of Cattle

Nuvelă de Mircea Eliade

author: Mircea Eliade

1963

Fata căpitanului (nuvelă)

literair werk van Mircea Eliade

author: Mircea Eliade

1963

La țigănci

novel by Mircea Eliade

author: Mircea Eliade

1963

O fotografie veche de 14 ani

literair werk van Mircea Eliade

author: Mircea Eliade

1963

Articles

2

Australian Religions. Part IV: The Medicine Men and Their Supernatural Models ( 1967 )

scientific article (publication date: November 1967)

author: Mircea Eliade

Some Observations on European Witchcraft ( 1975 )

scientific article (publication date: February 1975)

author: Mircea Eliade

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