photo credits: Wikimedia Commons
Russian revolutionary (1847-1882)wd:Q430883
country of citizenship: Russian Empire
language of expression: Russian
occupation: writer, militant, revolutionary, politician
Sergey Gennadiyevich Nechayev (Russian: Серге́й Генна́диевич Неча́ев) (2 October 1847 – 21 November or 3 December 1882) was a Russian communist revolutionary and prominent figure of the Russian nihilist movement, known for his single-minded pursuit of revolution by any means necessary, including revolutionary terror. He was the author of the radical Catechism of a Revolutionary.
Nechayev fled Russia in 1869 after having been involved in the murder of a former comrade. Complicated relationships with fellow revolutionaries caused him to be expelled from the International Workingmen's Association. Arrested in Switzerland in 1872, he was extradited back to Russia where he received a twenty-year sentence and died in prison.
The character Pyotr Verkhovensky in Fyodor Dostoevsky's anti-nihilistic novel Demons is based on Nechayev. Nechayev is often called a "Bolshevik before the Bolsheviks" and many other Russian revolutionaries were accused of Nechayevshchina by their opponents. The term was associated with authoritarianism, radicalism and sectarianism in the time that preceded the Russian Revolution of 1917.
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