Arthur M. Schlesinger cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Arthur M. Schlesinger

American historian, social critic, and public intellectual

1917   -   2007

country of citizenship: United States of America
languages spoken, written or signed: English
educated at: Harvard College, Phillips Exeter Academy, University of Cambridge, Peterhouse
occupation: historian, university teacher
award received: Guggenheim Fellowship, National Humanities Medal, National Book Award, Pulitzer Prize for History, Bancroft Prize, Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography, Francis Parkman Prize
influenced by: Richard Hofstadter

Arthur Meier Schlesinger Jr. (; born Arthur Bancroft Schlesinger; October 15, 1917 – February 28, 2007) was an American historian, social critic, and public intellectual. The son of the influential historian Arthur M. Schlesinger Sr. and a specialist in American history, much of Schlesinger's work explored the history of 20th-century American liberalism. In particular, his work focused on leaders such as Harry S. Truman, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, and Robert F. Kennedy. In the 1952 and 1956 presidential campaigns, he was a primary speechwriter and adviser to the Democratic presidential nominee, Adlai Stevenson II. Schlesinger served as special assistant and "court historian" to President Kennedy from 1961 to 1963. He wrote a detailed account of the Kennedy administration, from the 1960 presidential campaign to the president's state funeral, titled A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House, which won the 1966 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography. In 1968, Schlesinger actively supported the presidential campaign of Senator Robert F. Kennedy, which ended with Kennedy's assassination in Los Angeles. Schlesinger wrote a popular biography, Robert Kennedy and His Times, several years later. He later popularized the term "imperial presidency" during the Nixon administration in his 1973 book of the same name.
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