British Indian novelist and essayistwd:Q44306
country of citizenship: United Kingdom, United States of America
language of expression: English
educated at: Rugby School, King's College, University of Cambridge
occupation: writer, novelist, essayist, screenwriter, children's writer
award received: Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres, PEN Pinter Prize, James Tait Black Memorial Prize, Booker Prize, James Joyce Awards, Kurt Tucholsky Prize, Gold Medal of the Círculo de Bellas Artes, Knight Bachelor, Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, Mythopoeic Awards, Costa Book Awards, The British Book Awards, Common Wealth Award of Distinguished Service, St. Louis Literary Award, Crossword Book Award, Hans Christian Andersen Literature Award, National Arts Awards, Golden PEN Award, Aristeion Prize, Norman Mailer Prize, Austrian State Prize for European Literature, Emperor Has No Clothes Award, Humanist of the Year
position held: president
influenced by: Italo Calvino, Vladimir Nabokov, Christopher Hitchens, Gabriel García Márquez
Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie (born 19 June 1947) is a British Indian novelist and essayist. His second novel, Midnight's Children (1981), won the Booker Prize in 1981 and was deemed to be "the best novel of all winners" on two separate occasions, marking the 25th and the 40th anniversary of the prize. Much of his fiction is set on the Indian subcontinent. He combines magical realism with historical fiction; his work is concerned with the many connections, disruptions, and migrations between Eastern and Western civilizations.
His fourth novel, The Satanic Verses (1988), was the subject of a major controversy, provoking protests from Muslims in several countries. Death threats were made against him, including a fatwā calling for his assassination issued by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the Supreme Leader of Iran, on 14 February 1989. The British government put Rushdie under police protection.
In 1983, Rushdie was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, the UK's senior literary organisation. He was appointed Commandeur de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres of France in January 1999. In June 2007, Queen Elizabeth II knighted him for his services to literature. In 2008, The Times ranked him thirteenth on its list of the 50 greatest British writers since 1945.Since 2000, Rushdie has lived in the United States. He was named Distinguished Writer in Residence at the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute of New York University in 2015. Earlier, he taught at Emory University. He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 2012, he published Joseph Anton: A Memoir, an account of his life in the wake of the controversy over The Satanic Verses.
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