Franz Xaver Kroetz

German writer and actor

1946   -  

country of citizenship: Germany
languages spoken, written or signed: German
occupation: playwright, film director, actor, writer, screenwriter, author
award received: Ernst-Hoferichter-Preis, Mülheimer Dramatikerpreis, Bertolt-Brecht-Literaturpreis, Marieluise-Fleißer-Preis, Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Pipe Smoker of the Year, Ludwig Thoma Medal

Franz Xaver Kroetz (German: [fʁant͡s ˈksaː.vɐ kʁœt͡s] (listen); born 25 February 1946 in Munich) is a German author, playwright, actor and film director. He achieved great success beginning in the early 1970s. Persistent, Farmyard, and Request Concert, all written in 1971, are some of the works conventionally associated with Kroetz. Kroetz is part of a generation of playwrights who modified the critical folk-piece, emphasizing in his works of the early 1970s the underside of West Germany's affluence through realistic portrayals of the lives of the poor. He later began writing for television, which led to a wider audience. His more analytical, Brecht-influenced plays were generally not well-received, though Upper Austria (1972) and The Nest (1974) achieved critical and commercial success. Some later works of social realism like Through the Leaves (1976) and Tom Fool (1978) are also highly regarded. Kroetz's plays have been translated and performed internationally. Simon Stephens argued in 2016, "Kroetz was identifying how poverty can give rise to brutality, to cynicism, despair and fear. His plays are as resonant now as they’ve ever been."
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