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Polish poet, diplomat, prosaist, writer, and translator. Nobel Prize winnerwd:Q45970
genre: poetry, prose
country of citizenship: Poland, United States of America, Lithuania
language of expression: American English, French, Polish
educated at: Vilnius University
occupation: poet, diplomat, writer, essayist, translator, pedagogue, university teacher
award received: Nobel Prize in Literature, Righteous Among the Nations, Guggenheim Fellowship, Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, National Medal of Arts, Neustadt International Prize for Literature, Honorary doctor of the University of Bologna, honorary doctor of the Jagiellonian University of Krakow, Honorary doctor of the University of Oxford, Nike Award, Commander's Grand Crosses of the Order of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas, honorary doctor of Harvard University, Doctor Honoris Causa at the Vytautas Magnus University, Śląski Wawrzyn Literacki
position held: professor
Czesław Miłosz (, also US: , Polish: [ˈtʂɛswaf ˈmiwɔʂ] (listen); 30 June 1911 – 14 August 2004) was a Polish-American poet, prose writer, translator, and diplomat. Regarded as one of the great poets of the 20th century, he won the 1980 Nobel Prize in Literature. In its citation, the Swedish Academy called Miłosz a writer who "voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts".Miłosz survived the German occupation of Warsaw during World War II and became a cultural attaché for the Polish government during the postwar period. When communist authorities threatened his safety, he defected to France and ultimately chose exile in the United States, where he became a professor at the University of California, Berkeley. His poetry—particularly about his wartime experience—and his appraisal of Stalinism in a prose book, The Captive Mind, brought him renown as a leading émigré artist and intellectual.
Throughout his life and work, Miłosz tackled questions of morality, politics, history, and faith. As a translator, he introduced Western works to a Polish audience, and as a scholar and editor, he championed a greater awareness of Slavic literature in the West. Faith played a role in his work as he explored his Catholicism and personal experience.
Miłosz died in Kraków, Poland, in 2004. He is interred in Skałka, a church known in Poland as a place of honor for distinguished Poles.
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1974 poem written by Czesław Miłoszwd:Q5529404
author: Czesław Miłosz
1962 poem written by Czesław Miłoszwd:Q6440476
author: Czesław Miłosz