Nikolai Fyodorovich Fyodorov

1829 - 1903

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

country of citizenship:  Russian Empire
native language:  Russian
languages spoken, written or signed:  Russian
official website:

Nikolai Fyodorovich Fyodorov (Russian: Никола́й Фёдорович Фёдоров; surname also Anglicized as "Fedorov", June 9, 1829, Elatomsk District, Tambov Province – December 28, 1903), known in his family as Nikolai Pavlovich Gagarin; was a Russian Orthodox Christian philosopher, religious thinker and futurologist, library science figure and an innovative educator. He started the movement of Russian cosmism which was a precursor of transhumanism.Fyodorov advocated radical life extension, physical immortality and even resurrection of the dead, using scientific methods.He was called the "Socrates of Moscow." He was referred to with respect and admiration by L.N. Tolstoy, F.M. Dostoyevsky, V.S. Solovyov. He dreamed of resurrecting people, not wanting to be reconciled to the death of even one person. With the help of science, he intended to gather scattered molecules and atoms to "put them into the bodies of the fathers". Fyodorov gave science a place next to art and religion in the Common Task of uniting humanity, including the dead, who must in the future be reunited with the living. Source: Wikipedia (en)


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