Author

Alphonse de Cailleux cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Alphonse de Cailleux

French art critic

1788   -   1876

country of citizenship: France
language of expression: French
occupation: painter
award received: Officer of the Legion of Honour
position held: Directeur du musée du Louvre

Alphonse de Cailleux, in full Alexandre-Alphonse-Achille, vicomte de Cailloux (31 December 1788 in Rouen – 24 May 1876) was a painter, connoisseur and arts administrator who became director of the Musée du Louvre and all the royal museums of France. Under the Bourbon Restoration he was attached to the reconstituted royal household (the maison du roi). As secrétaire général des Musées royaux he shared a carriage with Charles Nodier, Jean Alaux and Victor Hugo at the coronation of Charles X in 1825. In 1836 he was appointed directeur adjoint at the Louvre, where he assisted the increasingly debilitated Louis Nicolas Philippe Auguste de Forbin; at Forbin's death he was appointed directeur général des beaux-arts, a precursor of the position of Minister of Fine Arts. In 1845 he was elected a membre libre (not being an artist himself) of the Académie des Beaux-Arts of the Institut de France. He was also a chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur. In February 1848, as revolt erupted and Louis Philippe abdicated, this confirmed royalist resigned his posts. His portrait, attributed to Georges Rouget, is at the Musée de Versailles.
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