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Milton Friedman

American economist, statistician, and writer

1912   -   2006

country of citizenship: United States of America
educated at: Rahway High School, Columbia University, Rutgers University, University of Chicago, University of Cambridge
occupation: economist, writer, statistician, university teacher, essayist, researcher, teacher, scientist
award received: Nobel Prize in Economics, National Medal of Science, Adam Smith Award, John Bates Clark Medal, Presidential Medal of Freedom
position held: president
influenced by: Friedrich Hayek, Simon Kuznets, Irving Fisher, Frank Knight, Henry Schultz, Murray Rothbard, George Stigler, Henry George, Rose Friedman, Thomas Sowell, Karl Popper, Harold Hotelling, John Maynard Keynes, Joseph Schumpeter, Ludwig von Mises, Adam Smith

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Milton Friedman (; July 31, 1912 – November 16, 2006) was an American economist who received the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and the complexity of stabilization policy. With George Stigler and others, Friedman was among the intellectual leaders of the second generation of Chicago price theory, a methodological movement at the University of Chicago's Department of Economics, Law School and Graduate School of Business from the 1940s onward. Several students and young professors who were recruited or mentored by Friedman at Chicago went on to become leading economists, including Gary Becker, Robert Fogel, Thomas Sowell and Robert Lucas Jr.Friedman's challenges to what he later called "naive Keynesian" theory began with his 1950s reinterpretation of the consumption function. In the 1960s, he became the main advocate opposing Keynesian government policies and described his approach (along with mainstream economics) as using "Keynesian language and apparatus" yet rejecting its "initial" conclusions. He theorized that there existed a "natural" rate of unemployment and argued that unemployment below this rate would cause inflation to accelerate. He argued that the Phillips curve was in the long run vertical at the "natural rate" and predicted what would come to be known as stagflation. Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism" and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy. His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s. His monetary theory influenced the Federal Reserve's response to the global financial crisis of 2007–2008.Friedman was an advisor to Republican President Ronald Reagan and Conservative British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. His political philosophy extolled the virtues of a free market economic system with minimal intervention. He once stated that his role in eliminating conscription in the United States was his proudest accomplishment. In his 1962 book Capitalism and Freedom, Friedman advocated policies such as a volunteer military, freely floating exchange rates, abolition of medical licenses, a negative income tax and school vouchers and opposed the war on drugs. His support for school choice led him to found the Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, later renamed EdChoice.Friedman's works include monographs, books, scholarly articles, papers, magazine columns, television programs and lectures and cover a broad range of economic topics and public policy issues. His books and essays have had global influence, including in former communist states. A survey of economists ranked Friedman as the second-most popular economist of the 20th century following only John Maynard Keynes and The Economist described him as "the most influential economist of the second half of the 20th century [...] possibly of all of it".
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Capitalism and Freedom

book by Milton Friedman

author: Milton Friedman


A Monetary History of the United States

1963 book by Milton Friedman and Anna Schwartz

author: Milton Friedman, Anna Schwartz


Essays in Positive Economics

book by Milton Friedman

author: Milton Friedman

Two Lucky People

book by Milton Friedman

author: Milton Friedman

There's No Such Thing as a Free Lunch

book from Milton Friedman

author: Milton Friedman


The Quantity Theory. A Restatement

Milton Friedman - Fiche de lecture; The Quantity Theory. A Restatement („La Théorie quantitative de la monnaie. Une nouvelle présentation“) marque le retour au cœur des débats macroéconomiques de l'après-guerre de la théorie quantitative de

author: Milton Friedman

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