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André Gide

French novelist and essayist

1869   -   1951

genre: novel
country of citizenship: France
native language: French
educated at: Lycée Henri-IV, École alsacienne
occupation: journalist, film producer, essayist, playwright, novelist, diarist, travel writer, translator, autobiographer, writer, author
award received: Nobel Prize in Literature, Goethe Plaque of the City of Frankfurt
student of: Youra Guller

André Paul Guillaume Gide (French: [ɑ̃dʁe pɔl ɡijom ʒid]; 22 November 1869 – 19 February 1951) was a French author and winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature (in 1947). Gide's career ranged from its beginnings in the symbolist movement, to the advent of anticolonialism between the two World Wars. The author of more than fifty books, at the time of his death his obituary in The New York Times described him as "France's greatest contemporary man of letters" and "judged the greatest French writer of this century by the literary cognoscenti."Known for his fiction as well as his autobiographical works, Gide exposes to public view the conflict and eventual reconciliation of the two sides of his personality (characterized by a Protestant austerity and a transgressive sexual adventurousness, respectively), which a strict and moralistic education had helped set at odds. Gide's work can be seen as an investigation of freedom and empowerment in the face of moralistic and puritanical constraints, and centres on his continuous effort to achieve intellectual honesty. His self-exploratory texts reflect his search of how to be fully oneself, including owning one's sexual nature, without at the same time betraying one's values. His political activity is shaped by the same ethos, as indicated by his repudiation of communism after his 1936 voyage to the USSR.
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The Fruits of the Earth

prose-poem by André Gide, published in France in 1897

author: André Gide


The Immoralist

Novel by André Gide

author: André Gide




author: André Gide


Die Hefte des André Walter

literary work

author: André Gide


La Symphonie Pastorale

novel by André Gide

author: André Gide



novel by André Gide

author: André Gide



literary work

author: André Gide


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