Ulugh Beg cover

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Ulugh Beg

Timurid ruler as well as an astronomer, mathematician and sultan

1394   -   1449

country of citizenship: Iran
occupation: astronomer, mathematician, calligrapher, astrologer
student of: Qāḍī Zāda al-Rūmī

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Mīrzā Muhammad Tāraghay bin Shāhrukh (Chagatay: میرزا محمد طارق بن شاہ رخ, Persian: میرزا محمد تراغای بن شاہ رخ‎), better known as Ulugh Beg (الغ‌ بیگ‬) (March 22, 1394 in Sultaniyeh, Persia – October 27, 1449, Samarkand)Uzbekistan), was a Timurid ruler as well as an astronomer, mathematician and sultan. His commonly known name is not truly a personal name, but rather a moniker, which can be loosely translated as "Great Ruler" (compare modern Turkish ulu, "great", and bey, "chief") and is the Turkic equivalent of Timur's Perso-Arabic title Amīr-e Kabīr. His real name was Mīrzā Mohammad Tāraghay bin Shāhrukh. It is thought that Ulugh Beg spoke five languages: Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Mongolian, and a small amount of Chinese. Ulugh Beg was notable for his work in astronomy-related mathematics, such as trigonometry and spherical geometry. He was also involved in government settings as his grandfather and father both ruled a great deal of land. Ulugh Beg was much more interested in science and math than he was in having control over his people. He was enthusiastic and arts and intellectual activities that were present in the community. During his short stint (two years) as the ruler of the Timurid dynasty of Iran, the community achieved its cultural peak due to the attention and concern Ulugh Beg had for this area of development. Samarkand, which was captured and given to Ulugh Beg by his father, was made the headquarters of Muslim culture. He built the great Ulugh Beg Observatory in Samarkand between 1424 and 1429. It was considered by scholars to have been one of the finest observatories in the Islamic world at the time and the largest in Central Asia. He built the Ulugh Beg Madrasah (1417–1420) in Samarkand and Bukhara, transforming the cities into cultural centers of learning in Central Asia. He was also a mathematician of the 15th century. His observatory is situated in Samarkand which is in Uzbekistan. He ruled Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, southern Kazakhstan and most of Afghanistan from 1411 to 1449. Ulugh Beg is recognized as the most important observational astronomer from the 15th century by many scholars.
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