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Albert Schweitzer

French-German physician, theologian, musician and philosopher

1875   -   1965

country of citizenship: Germany, France
language of expression: Polish, Alsatian, French
educated at: University of Strasbourg, University of Tübingen
occupation: theologian, philosopher, physician, organist, physician writer, university teacher, musicologist, music historian, composer
award received: Nobel Peace Prize, Officer of the Legion of Honour, honorary citizen of Frankfurt am Main, Peace Prize of the German Publishers' Association, Goethe Prize, Grand prix littéraire d'Afrique noire, Goethe Plaque of the City of Frankfurt, Paracelsus Medal of the German Medical Association, James Cook Medal, Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts

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Albert Schweitzer (14 January 1875 – 4 September 1965) was an Alsatian polymath. He was a theologian, organist, writer, humanitarian, philosopher, and physician. A Lutheran, Schweitzer challenged both the secular view of Jesus as depicted by the historical-critical method current at this time, as well as the traditional Christian view. His contributions to the interpretation of Pauline Christianity concern the role of Paul's mysticism of "being in Christ" as primary and the doctrine of Justification by Faith as secondary. He received the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize for his philosophy of "Reverence for Life", becoming the eighth Frenchman to be awarded that prize. His philosophy was expressed in many ways, but most famously in founding and sustaining the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambaréné, in the part of French Equatorial Africa which is now Gabon. As a music scholar and organist, he studied the music of German composer Johann Sebastian Bach and influenced the Organ Reform Movement (Orgelbewegung).
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