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Caliphs and Kings

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Caliphate and Kingship (Urdu: خِلافت و مُلُوکیّت) is a book written by Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi in October 1966 as a refutation of the book, The Caliphate of Mu'awiyah and Yazid by Pakistani scholar Mahmood Ahmad Abbasi. Maududi argued that individuals do not have the right to force their dictatorial rule over Muslims through aggression, instead Islam calls for the system of Caliphate, known in its modern form as Islamic democracy. The book discusses the principles through which the first Caliphate was established, and the reasons due to which it converted into kingship, a first in Muslim history. Other topics include the reasons for the end of Caliphate, era of Uthman ibn Affan, the conflict between Ali and Muawiyah, the rules of Islamic government, and how the degeneration of the Rashidun Caliphate began the system of religious divisions among Muslims.-13:06The book claims that the Caliph is selected by the majority votes of Muslims. Caliphate always works in the outline given by Islam. The book deals with the era of Uthman, the third Caliph, and the events which occurred at that time, arguing that unrest in the nascent Muslim society started due to some unpopular decisions by the government. After Uthman, Ali was selected as a Caliph by the majority of Muslims. The book looks at Mu'awiyah as a rebel Governor of Syria and discusses the simplicity of Ali and cleverness of Mu'awiyah. After the peace agreement of Hassan and Mu'awiyah, Mu'awiyah became the first king of Muslim history. The book also mentions the various factional groups of the time.
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Caliphs and Kings.

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Caliphs and Kings : Spain, 796-1031

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author: Roger Collins

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