Victor Hugo cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Victor Hugo

French poet, novelist, and dramatist (1802–1885)

1802   -   1885


movement: free-thought, anti-clericalism, Romanticism
genre: novel, poetry, drama play, pamphlet
country of citizenship: France
native language: French
languages spoken, written or signed: French
educated at: University of Paris, Lycée Louis-le-Grand
occupation: politician, playwright, novelist, drawer, librettist, essayist, memoirist, writer, illustrator, travel writer, poet
award received: Officer of the Legion of Honour, Concours général
position held: député de la Seine, sénateur de la Seine, member of the Chamber of Peers, seat 14 of the Académie française, president of the Société des gens de lettres
student of: Louis Lefébure de Fourcy
influenced by: John Owen

Victor-Marie Hugo (French: [viktɔʁ maʁi yɡo] (listen); 26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, essayist, playwright, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. During a literary career that spanned more than sixty years, he wrote abundantly in an exceptional variety of genres: lyrics, satires, epics, philosophical poems, epigrams, novels, history, critical essays, political speeches, funeral orations, diaries, letters public and private, as well as dramas in verse and prose. Hugo is considered to be one of the greatest and best-known French writers. Outside France, his most famous works are the novels Les Misérables, 1862, and The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (French: Notre-Dame de Paris), 1831. In France, Hugo is renowned for his poetry collections, such as Les Contemplations (The Contemplations) and La Légende des siècles (The Legend of the Ages). Hugo was at the forefront of the Romantic literary movement with his play Cromwell and drama Hernani. Many of his works have inspired music, both during his lifetime and after his death, including the musicals Les Misérables and Notre-Dame de Paris. He produced more than 4,000 drawings in his lifetime, and campaigned for social causes such as the abolition of capital punishment. Though a committed royalist when he was young, Hugo's views changed as the decades passed, and he became a passionate supporter of republicanism serving in politics as both deputy and senator. His work touched upon most of the political and social issues and the artistic trends of his time. His opposition to absolutism and his colossal literary achievement established him as a national hero. He was honoured by interment in the Panthéon.
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    • Fragments d’un Voyage aux Alpes ( 1831 )

      article published in the Revue des deux Mondes

      author: Victor Hugo

    • Guerre aux démolisseurs ( 1832 )

      article publié dans la Revue des Deux mondes

      author: Victor Hugo

    • [Budget. 1848]. ( 2004 )

      scientific article published in April 2004

      author: Victor Hugo

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