photo credits: CC-PD-Mark
French poet, novelist, and dramatistwd:Q535
genre: novel, poetry, drama play, pamphlet
country of citizenship: France
native language: French
educated at: University of Paris, Lycée Louis-le-Grand
occupation: politician, playwright, novelist, drawer, librettist, essayist, memoirist, writer, illustrator, travel writer, poet
award received: Officer of the Legion of Honour, Concours général
position held: member of the French National Assembly, senator of the French Third Republic, member of the Chamber of Peers, president
student of: Louis Lefébure de Fourcy
influenced by: John Owen
Victor Marie Hugo (French: [viktɔʁ maʁi yɡo] (listen); 26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. Hugo is considered to be one of the greatest and best-known French writers. Outside France, his most famous works are the novels Les Misérables, 1862, and The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (French: Notre-Dame de Paris), 1831. In France, Hugo is known primarily for his poetry collections, such as Les Contemplations (The Contemplations) and La Légende des siècles (The Legend of the Ages).
Hugo was at the forefront of the Romantic literary movement with his play Cromwell and drama Hernani. Many of his works have inspired music, both during his lifetime and after his death, including the musicals Notre-Dame de Paris and Les Misérables. He produced more than 4,000 drawings in his lifetime, and campaigned for social causes such as the abolition of capital punishment.
Though a committed royalist when he was young, Hugo's views changed as the decades passed, and he became a passionate supporter of republicanism; his work touches upon most of the political and social issues and the artistic trends of his time. He is buried in the Panthéon in Paris. His legacy has been honoured in many ways, including his portrait being placed on French currency.
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novel by Victor Hugo, 1831wd:Q191380
novel by Victor Hugowd:Q1211109