Angela Merkel cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Angela Merkel

Chancellor of Germany

1954   -  

country of citizenship: Germany
native language: German
language of expression: Russian, German, English
educated at: German Academy of Sciences at Berlin, Leipzig University, Polytechnic Secondary School Templin, Erweiterte Oberschule Templin
occupation: politician, physicist, statesperson, chemist
award received: Charlemagne Prize, Grand Cross of the Order of the Sun of Peru‎, Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Eric-M.-Warburg-Award, German Media Award, Leo-Baeck-Medal, Heinz-Galinski-Award, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, German Leo Baeck Award, Grand Cross 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding, Indira Gandhi Prize, Robert Schuman Medal, Abraham Geiger Prize, Time Person of the Year, Honorary doctor at the Nanjing University, Order of the Republic, Grand Cross of Royal Norwegian Order of Merit, Order of Stara Planina, Order of Abdulaziz al Saud, Order of Zayed, Honorary doctor of the Leipzig University, honorary doctor of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Honorary doctor of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Honorary doctor of the Ghent University, honorary doctor of Tel Aviv University, Grand Cross of Honor for Services to the Republic of Austria, honorary doctor of Babeș-Bolyai University, Honorary doctor at the University of Bern, honorary doctor of Harvard University, Lucius D. Clay Medal, Henry A. Kissinger Prize, honorary doctor of Comenius University, honorary doctor of the D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia
position held: Federal Chancellor of Germany, member of the German Bundestag
student of: Reinhold Haberlandt

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Angela Dorothea Merkel (, German: [aŋˈɡeːla doʁoˈteːa ˈmɛʁkl̩]; née Kasner; born 17 July 1954) is a German politician serving as the chancellor of Germany since 2005. She served as the leader of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) from 2000 to 2018. Merkel has been widely described as the de facto leader of the European Union, the most powerful woman in the world, and by some commentators as the "leader of the free world".Merkel was born in Hamburg in then-West Germany and moved to East Germany as an infant when her father, a Lutheran clergyman, received a pastorate in Perleberg. She obtained a doctorate in quantum chemistry in 1986 and worked as a research scientist until 1989. Merkel entered politics in the wake of the Revolutions of 1989, and briefly served as a deputy spokesperson for the first democratically elected East German Government headed by Lothar de Maizière in 1990. Following German reunification in 1990, Merkel was elected to the Bundestag for the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, and has been reelected ever since. As the protégée of Chancellor Helmut Kohl, Merkel was appointed as the Federal Minister for Women and Youth in Kohl's government in 1991, and became the Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in 1994. After her party lost the federal election in 1998, Merkel was elected Secretary-General of the CDU before becoming the party's first female leader two years later in the aftermath of a donations scandal that toppled Wolfgang Schäuble. Following the 2005 federal election, Merkel was appointed Germany's first female chancellor at the head of a grand coalition consisting of the CDU, its Bavarian sister party the Christian Social Union (CSU) and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). In the 2009 federal election the CDU obtained the largest share of the vote, and Merkel was able to form a coalition government with the Free Democratic Party (FDP). At the 2013 federal election, Merkel's CDU won a landslide victory with 41.5% of the vote and formed a second grand coalition with the SPD, after the FDP lost all of its representation in the Bundestag. After the 2017 federal election the CDU was again the largest party; she was reelected to her fourth term on 14 March 2018.In 2007, Merkel was President of the European Council and played a central role in the negotiation of the Treaty of Lisbon and the Berlin Declaration. One of Merkel's consistent priorities has been to strengthen transatlantic economic relations. Merkel played a crucial role in managing the financial crisis at the European and international level, and she has been referred to as "the decider". In domestic policy, health care reform, problems concerning future energy development and more recently her government's approach to the ongoing migrant crisis have been major issues during her chancellorship. She has served as senior G7 leader since 2014, and previously from 2011 to 2012. In 2014 she became the longest-serving incumbent head of government in the European Union. In October 2018, Merkel announced that she would not seek reelection as leader of the CDU at the party convention in December 2018 and as chancellor in 2021.
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