Author

Miguel de Cervantes cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Miguel de Cervantes

Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright (1547-1616)

1547   -   1616

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movement: Spanish Golden Age
genre: poetry, novel, tragedy, intermedia, comedy
country of citizenship: Spain
native language: Early Modern Spanish
languages spoken, written or signed: Early Modern Spanish
educated at: Estudio de la Villa
occupation: novelist, playwright, poet, lyricist, soldier, author, writer, accountant, tax collector
influenced by: Heliodorus of Emesa, Lope de Vega, Amadis de Gaula, Garcilaso de la Vega, Guzmán de Alfarache

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (Spanish: [miˈɣel de θeɾˈβantes saaˈβeðɾa]; 29 September 1547 (assumed) – 22 April 1616 NS) was a Spanish writer widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists. He is best known for his novel Don Quixote, a work often cited as both the first modern novel and one of the pinnacles of world literature.Much of his life was spent in poverty and obscurity, while the bulk of his surviving work was produced in the three years preceding his death, when he was supported by the Count of Lemos and did not have to work. Despite this, his influence and literary contribution are reflected by the fact that Spanish is often referred to as "the language of Cervantes". In 1569, Cervantes was forced to leave Spain and moved to Rome, where he worked in the household of a cardinal. In 1570, he enlisted in a Spanish Navy infantry regiment, and was badly wounded at the Battle of Lepanto in October 1571. He served as a soldier until 1575, when he was captured by Barbary pirates; after five years in captivity, he was ransomed, and returned to Madrid. His first significant novel, titled La Galatea, was published in 1585, but he continued to work as a purchasing agent, then later a government tax collector. Part One of Don Quixote was published in 1605, Part Two in 1615. Other works include the 12 Novelas ejemplares (Exemplary Novels); a long poem, the Viaje del Parnaso (Journey to Parnassus); and Ocho comedias y ocho entremeses (Eight Plays and Eight Interludes). Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda (The Travails of Persiles and Sigismunda), was published posthumously in 1616.
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