Anton Chekhov cover

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Anton Chekhov

Russian dramatist, author and physician

1860   -   1904

movement: literary realism
genre: short story, powest, play
country of citizenship: Russian Empire
educated at: Moscow Imperial University, Chekhov Gymnasium
occupation: playwright, journalist, dramaturge, writer, prosaist, satirist, author
award received: Order of Saint Stanislaus, 3rd class, Pushkin Prize, Medal for works on the first general census
influenced by: Henrik Ibsen, Alexander Ostrovsky, Ivan Turgenev, Gustave Flaubert, Nikolai Gogol, Émile Zola, Alexander Pushkin, Leo Tolstoy, Guy de Maupassant, Honoré de Balzac, Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: Антон Павлович Чехов, tr. Antón Pávlovič Čéhov, IPA: [ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf]; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history. His career as a playwright produced four classics, and his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. Along with Henrik Ibsen and August Strindberg, Chekhov is often referred to as one of the three seminal figures in the birth of early modernism in the theatre. Chekhov practiced as a medical doctor throughout most of his literary career: "Medicine is my lawful wife", he once said, "and literature is my mistress."Chekhov renounced the theatre after the reception of The Seagull in 1896, but the play was revived to acclaim in 1898 by Konstantin Stanislavski's Moscow Art Theatre, which subsequently also produced Chekhov's Uncle Vanya and premiered his last two plays, Three Sisters and The Cherry Orchard. These four works present a challenge to the acting ensemble as well as to audiences, because in place of conventional action Chekhov offers a "theatre of mood" and a "submerged life in the text".Chekhov had at first written stories to earn money, but as his artistic ambition grew, he made formal innovations which have influenced the evolution of the modern short story. He made no apologies for the difficulties this posed to readers, insisting that the role of an artist was to ask questions, not to answer them.
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works

669

The Cherry Orchard

play by Anton Chekhov

author: Anton Chekhov

1904

Uncle Vanya

play by Anton Chekhov

author: Anton Chekhov

1897

The Seagull

1895 play by Anton Chekhov

author: Anton Chekhov

1896

The Steppe

novella by Anton Chekhov

author: Anton Chekhov

1888

Чужая беда

рассказ Антона Чехова

author: Anton Chekhov

1886

The Lady with the Dog

short story by Anton Chekhov

author: Anton Chekhov

1899

Ivanov

dramatic play by Anton Chekhov

author: Anton Chekhov

1889

About Love

short story by Anton Chekhov

author: Anton Chekhov

1898

The Post

short story by Anton Chekhov

author: Anton Chekhov

1887

Отец

рассказ Антона Чехова

author: Anton Chekhov

1887

articles

1

L'orso

articolo della rivista Il Baretti

author: Anton Chekhov

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