Anton Chekhov cover

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Anton Chekhov

Russian dramatist and author (1860–1904)

1860   -   1904


movement: literary realism
genre: literary realism, short novel, play
country of citizenship: Russian Empire
languages spoken, written or signed: Russian
educated at: Medical Faculty of Moscow University, Chekhov Gymnasium
occupation: journalist, dramaturge, writer, prosaist, satirist, author, playwright
award received: Order of Saint Stanislaus, 3rd class, Pushkin Prize, Medal for works on the first general census, Honorary Citizen of the Russian Empire
influenced by: Henrik Ibsen, Alexander Ostrovsky, Ivan Turgenev, Gustave Flaubert, Nikolai Gogol, Émile Zola, Alexander Pushkin, Leo Tolstoy, Maupassant, Honoré de Balzac, Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: Антон Павлович Чехов, IPA: [ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf]; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer who is considered to be one of the greatest writers in the world. His career as a playwright produced four classics, and his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. Along with Henrik Ibsen and August Strindberg, Chekhov is often referred to as one of the three seminal figures in the birth of early modernism in the theatre. Chekhov was a doctor by profession. "Medicine is my lawful wife", he once said, "and literature is my mistress."Chekhov renounced the theatre after the reception of The Seagull in 1896, but the play was revived to acclaim in 1898 by Konstantin Stanislavski's Moscow Art Theatre, which subsequently also produced Chekhov's Uncle Vanya and premiered his last two plays, Three Sisters and The Cherry Orchard. These four works present a challenge to the acting ensemble as well as to audiences, because in place of conventional action Chekhov offers a "theatre of mood" and a "submerged life in the text".. The plays that Chekhov wrote were not complex, but easy to follow, and created a somewhat haunting atmosphere for the audience.Chekhov at first wrote stories to earn money, but as his artistic ambition grew, he made formal innovations that influenced the evolution of the modern short story. He made no apologies for the difficulties this posed to readers, insisting that the role of an artist was to ask questions, not to answer them.
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