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Abdullah II of Jordan
King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordanwd:Q57464
country of citizenship:
language of expression: Arabic, English
educated at: Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Deerfield Academy, Pembroke College
occupation: politician, writer
award received: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Grand cross of the Order of the White Lion, Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Collar of the Order of the Star of Romania, Order of the White Eagle, Award of the Peace of Westphalia, Golden Plate Award, Order of Freedom, Order of Merit (Ukraine), 1st class, Grand Order of Mugunghwa, Collar of the Order of Charles III, Grand Cross of Naval Merit with white badge, Gran Cruz del Mérito Aeronáutico, Order of Merit, Order of the House of Orange, Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Netherlands Lion, Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry, Grand Collar of the Military Order of Saint James of the Sword, Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, 1st class, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav, Grand Star of the Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria, Collar of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum, Grand Cross special issue of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, special issue, Order of al-Hussein bin Ali, Supreme Order of the Renaissance, Order of the Hashemite Star, Order of the Star of Jordan, Order of Independence, Al-Hoessein-Orde voor Militaire Verdienste, Royal Victorian Order, Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria, Royal Order of the Seraphim, Crosses of Aeronautical Merit, Order of the Republic, Order of Leopold, орден «За заслуги», Medal "10 years of Astana", honorary doctor of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations
position held: King of Jordan
Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein (Arabic: عبدالله الثاني بن الحسين, ʿAbdullah al-thani bin Al-Husayn, born 30 January 1962) has been King of Jordan since 1999. As a member of the Hashemite dynasty, the royal family of Jordan since 1921, Abdullah claims to be a 41st-generation direct descendant of Muhammad.
Abdullah was born in Amman as the first child of King Hussein and his second wife, British-born Princess Muna. As the King's eldest son, Abdullah was heir apparent until Hussein transferred the title to Abdullah's uncle, Prince Hassan, in 1965. Abdullah began his schooling in Amman, continuing his education abroad. He began his military career in 1980 as a training officer in the Jordanian Armed Forces, later assuming command of the country's Special Forces in 1994, and he became a major general in 1998. In 1993 Abdullah married Rania Al-Yassin (of Palestinian descent), and they have four children: Crown Prince Hussein, Princess Iman, Princess Salma and Prince Hashem. A few weeks before his death in 1999, Hussein named Abdullah his heir, and Abdullah succeeded his father.
Abdullah, a constitutional monarch, liberalized the economy when he assumed the throne, and his reforms led to an economic boom which continued until 2008. During the following years Jordan's economy experienced hardship as it dealt with the effects of the Great Recession and spillover from the Arab Spring, including a cut in its petroleum supply and the collapse of trade with neighboring countries. In 2011, large-scale protests demanding reform erupted in the Arab world. Many of the protests led to civil wars in other countries, but Abdullah responded quickly to domestic unrest by replacing the government and introducing reforms to the constitution and laws governing public freedoms and elections. Proportional representation was introduced to the Jordanian parliament in the 2016 general election, a move which he said would eventually lead to establishing parliamentary governments. The reforms took place amid unprecedented challenges stemming from regional instability, including an influx of 1.4 million Syrian refugees into the natural resources-lacking country and the emergence of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Abdullah is popular locally and internationally for maintaining Jordanian stability, and is known for promoting interfaith dialogue and a moderate understanding of Islam. The third-longest-serving Arab leader, he was regarded by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre as the most influential Muslim in the world in 2016. Abdullah is custodian of the Muslim and Christian sacred sites in Jerusalem, a position held by his dynasty since 1924.
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