Peter Kropotkin cover

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Peter Kropotkin

Russian zoologist, evolutionary theorist, philosopher, scientist, revolutionary, economist, activist, geographer, writer

1842   -   1921

country of citizenship: Russian Empire, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
native language: Russian
educated at: физико-математический факультет Санкт-Петербургского университета
occupation: geographer, writer, explorer, philosopher, autobiographer, journalist, economist, anarchist, zoologist

Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin (; Russian: Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин; December 9, 1842 – February 8, 1921) was a Russian activist, revolutionary, scientist, geographer and philosopher who advocated anarcho-communism. Born into an aristocratic land-owning family, he attended a military school and later served as an officer in Siberia, where he participated in several geological expeditions. He was imprisoned for his activism in 1874 and managed to escape two years later. He spent the next 41 years in exile in Switzerland, France (where he was imprisoned for almost four years) and in England. He controversially supported the war against Germany, and he returned to Russia after the Russian Revolution in 1917 but was disappointed by the Bolshevik form of state socialism. Kropotkin was a proponent of a decentralised communist society free from central government and based on voluntary associations of self-governing communities and worker-run enterprises. He wrote many books, pamphlets, and articles, the most prominent being The Conquest of Bread and Fields, Factories and Workshops; and his principal scientific offering, Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution. He also contributed the article on anarchism to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition and left unfinished a work on anarchist ethical philosophy.
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The Conquest of Bread

book by Peter Kropotkin

author: Peter Kropotkin

Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution

book by Peter Kropotkin on the subject of mutual aid

author: Peter Kropotkin


La morale anarchiste

author: Peter Kropotkin

Fields, Factories, and Workshops

book by Peter Kropotkin

author: Peter Kropotkin


Memoirs of a Revolutionist

book by Peter Kropotkin

author: Peter Kropotkin

Words of a rebel

book by Peter Kropotkin

author: Peter Kropotkin


Ethics: Origin and Development

book by Peter Kropotkin, published posthumously

author: Peter Kropotkin

Manifesto of the Sixteen

document by Peter Kropotkin und Jean Grave

author: Peter Kropotkin, Jean Grave


L'esprit de révolte

author: Peter Kropotkin

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