Jean-Luc Mélenchon cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Jean-Luc Mélenchon

French politician

1951   -  

country of citizenship: France
native language: Spanish
language of expression: French, Spanish
educated at: University of Franche-Comté, Lycée Regnault, Lycée Pierre-Corneille
occupation: politician, journalist, corrector, high school teacher, editorial cartoonist
position held: member of the European Parliament, member of the Senate of France, member of the general council, member of the French National Assembly, Deputy Minister

Jean-Luc Antoine Pierre Mélenchon (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɑ̃ lyk ɑ̃twan pjɛʁ melɑ̃ʃɔ̃]; born 19 August 1951), is a French politician serving as the member of the National Assembly for Bouches-du-Rhône's 4th constituency since 2017. After joining the Socialist Party in 1976, he was successively elected municipal councillor of Massy (1983), General Council of Essonne (1985) and Senator of the same department (1986, reelected in 1995 and then 2004). He also served as Minister for Vocational Education between 2000 and 2002, under Minister of National Education Jack Lang, in the cohabitation government of Lionel Jospin. He was part of the left wing of the Socialist Party until the Reims Congress of 2008, at the outcome of which he left that party to found the Left Party with Marc Dolez, a member of the National Assembly. He served as the president of the party, and then as its co-president (along with Martine Billard) until August 2014.As leader of the Left Party, he joined the electoral coalition of the Left Front before the 2009 European elections, and was elected as a member of the European Parliament in the South-West constituency (reelected in 2014). He was the candidate of that coalition in the 2012 presidential election, in which he came in fourth, receiving 11.1% of the first-round votes. He founded the movement La France Insoumise (FI, "France Unbowed") in February 2016. He stood as a candidate in the 2017 presidential election "outside the frame of political parties", again coming in fourth, with 19.58% of the first-round votes. In June 2017 he became a member of the National Assembly for La France Insoumise after the following 2017 French legislative election, receiving 59.85% (in the second round) in the 4th constituency of Bouches-du-Rhône, entirely located in the city of Marseille.
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