Gabriel García Márquez cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Gabriel García Márquez

Colombian writer, journalist and Nobel laureate in literature

1927   -   2014


movement: magic realism
genre: novel
country of citizenship: Colombia
languages spoken, written or signed: Spanish
educated at: National University of Colombia
occupation: novelist, short story writer, journalist, playwright, writer, publisher, poet lawyer, autobiographer, screenwriter, prosaist
award received: Neustadt International Prize for Literature, Nobel Prize in Literature, Order of Honour, Legion of Honour, Rómulo Gallegos Prize, Premio Nacional de Periodismo Simón Bolívar, Order of the Aztec Eagle, Orden al Mérito Docente y Cultural Gabriela Mistral, Common Wealth Award of Distinguished Service
influenced by: William Faulkner, Virginia Woolf

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Gabriel García Márquez (American Spanish: [ɡaˈβɾjel ɣaɾˈsi.a ˈmaɾkes] (listen); 6 March 1927 – 17 April 2014) was a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter, and journalist, known affectionately as Gabo [ˈɡaβo] or Gabito [ɡaˈβito] throughout Latin America. Considered one of the most significant authors of the 20th century, particularly in the Spanish language, he was awarded the 1972 Neustadt International Prize for Literature and the 1982 Nobel Prize in Literature. He pursued a self-directed education that resulted in leaving law school for a career in journalism. From early on he showed no inhibitions in his criticism of Colombian and foreign politics. In 1958 he married Mercedes Barcha Pardo (d. 2020, aged 87); they had two sons, Rodrigo and Gonzalo.García Márquez started as a journalist and wrote many acclaimed non-fiction works and short stories, but is best known for his novels, such as One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), Chronicle of a Death Foretold (1981), and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985). His works have achieved significant critical acclaim and widespread commercial success, most notably for popularizing a literary style known as magic realism, which uses magical elements and events in otherwise ordinary and realistic situations. Some of his works are set in the fictional village of Macondo (mainly inspired by his birthplace, Aracataca), and most of them explore the theme of solitude. Upon García Márquez's death in April 2014, Juan Manuel Santos, the president of Colombia, called him "the greatest Colombian who ever lived."
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