Leonhart Fuchs cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Leonhart Fuchs

German physician and botanist (1501-1566)

1501   -   1566

country of citizenship: Germany
language of expression: Latin, German
educated at: University of Ingolstadt
occupation: physician, botanist, pteridologist, university teacher
position held: professor

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Leonhart Fuchs [ˈfʊks] (17 January 1501 – 10 May 1566), sometimes spelled Leonhard Fuchs, was a German physician and botanist. His chief notability is as the author of a large book about plants and their uses as medicines, i.e. a herbal. It was first published in 1542 in Latin. It has about 500 accurate and detailed drawings of plants, which were printed from woodcuts. The drawings are the book's most notable advance on its predecessors. Although drawings were in use beforehand in other herbal books, Fuchs' herbal book proved and emphasized high-quality drawings as the most telling way to specify what a plant name stands for. The botanical genus Fuchsia is named in his honour, and consequently the colour fuchsia.
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