anarchism

political ideology that holds all government – as in the state – to be undesirable, unnecessary, and harmful

Anarchism is an anti-authoritarian political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary, cooperative institutions and the rejection of hierarchies those societies view as unjust. These institutions are often described as stateless societies, although several authors have defined them more specifically as distinct institutions based on non-hierarchical or free associations. Anarchism holds capitalism, the state, and representative democracy to be undesirable, unnecessary, and harmful.While opposition to the state is central, many forms of anarchism specifically entail opposing authority or hierarchical organisation in the conduct of all human relations. Anarchism is often considered a far-left ideology, and much of anarchist economics and anarchist legal philosophy reflect anti-authoritarian interpretations of communism, collectivism, syndicalism, mutualism, or participatory economics.Anarchism does not offer a fixed body of doctrine from a single particular world view, instead fluxing and flowing as a philosophy. Many types and traditions of anarchism exist, not all of which are mutually exclusive. Anarchist schools of thought can differ fundamentally, supporting anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism. Strains of anarchism have often been divided into the categories of social and individualist anarchism or similar dual classifications.
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main subject: anarchism

50

The Art of Not Being Governed

book by James C. Scott

author: James C. Scott

2009

Post-Scarcity Anarchism

book by Murray Bookchin

author: Murray Bookchin

1971

For socialism

book by Gustav Landauer

author: Gustav Landauer

1911

Nationalism and Culture

book by Rudolf Rocker

author: Rudolf Rocker

1937

La Bazoj de Anarkiismo

Libro de Georges Balkanski pri anarkiismo (1979)

author: George Hadjiev

1979

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