Benjamin Rush cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Benjamin Rush

American physician, educator, author

1745 or 1746   -   1813

country of citizenship: United States of America, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
language of expression: English
educated at: Princeton University, University of Edinburgh
occupation: chemist, writer, psychiatrist, physician, university teacher, politician
award received: Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
student of: Samuel Finley

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Benjamin Rush (January 4, 1746 [O.S. December 24, 1745] – April 19, 1813) was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and a civic leader in Philadelphia, where he was a physician, politician, social reformer, humanitarian, and educator as well as the founder of Dickinson College. Rush attended the Continental Congress. His later self-description there was: "He aimed right." He served as Surgeon General of the Continental Army and became a professor of chemistry, medical theory, and clinical practice at the University of Pennsylvania.Rush was a leader of the American Enlightenment and an enthusiastic supporter of the American Revolution. He was a leader in Pennsylvania's ratification of the Constitution in 1788. He was prominent in many reforms, especially in the areas of medicine and education. He opposed slavery, advocated free public schools, and sought improved education for women and a more enlightened penal system. As a leading physician, Rush had a major impact on the emerging medical profession. As an Enlightenment intellectual, he was committed to organizing all medical knowledge around explanatory theories, rather than rely on empirical methods. Rush argued that illness was the result of imbalances in the body's physical system and was caused by malfunctions in the brain. His approach prepared the way for later medical research, but Rush himself undertook none of it. He promoted public health by advocating clean environment and stressing the importance of personal and military hygiene. His study of mental disorder made him one of the founders of American psychiatry. In 1965 the American Psychiatric Association recognized Rush as the "father of American psychiatry".
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Medical Inquiries and Observations upon Diseases of the Mind

first systematic textbook on mental diseases in America by Benjamin Rush

author: Benjamin Rush


The New Method of Inoculating for the Small-Pox

Lecture given by physician, Benjamin Rush, at the University of Pennsylvania in 1781

author: Benjamin Rush


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