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Alexander von Humboldt

Prussian geographer, naturalist and explorer (1769-1859)

1769   -   1859

country of citizenship: Kingdom of Prussia
language of expression: French, German, Spanish
educated at: Alma Mater Viadrina, Freiberg University of Mining and Technology, University of Göttingen, University of Jena
occupation: geologist, explorer, botanist, geographer, Geheimrat, chamberlain, oceanographer, demographer, volcanologist, travel writer, science writer, meteorologist, polymath, patron of the arts, zoologist, naturalist, essayist, mineralogist, astronomer, climatologist, ethnologist, scientist, botanical collector, ornithologist, world traveler, economist, politician
award received: Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Imperial Order of the Rose, Grand Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog, Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, Mexican Imperial Orders, Grand Cross of the Order of Christ, Order of St. Vladimir, 1st class, Order of the White Falcon, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III, Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art, Copley Medal, Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts, Knight of the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky, honorary citizen of Berlin, Order of the Black Eagle, Order of the Red Eagle 1st Class, Civil Order of Saxony, AAAS Fellow, Foreign Member of the Royal Society, docteur honoris causa de l'université Eberhard Karl de Tübingen, honorary doctor of the University of Bonn, honorary doctor of the University of Tartu, honorary doctor of the University of St Andrews, honorary doctor of the Charles University of Prague
position held: Geheimrat
student of: Justus Christian Loder, Johann Simon von Kerner
influenced by: Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling

Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt (14 September 1769 – 6 May 1859) was a German polymath, geographer, naturalist, explorer, and proponent of Romantic philosophy and science. He was the younger brother of the Prussian minister, philosopher, and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767–1835). Humboldt's quantitative work on botanical geography laid the foundation for the field of biogeography. Humboldt's advocacy of long-term systematic geophysical measurement laid the foundation for modern geomagnetic and meteorological monitoring.Between 1799 and 1804, Humboldt travelled extensively in the Americas, exploring and describing them for the first time from a modern Western scientific point of view. His description of the journey was written up and published in several volumes over 21 years. Humboldt was one of the first people to propose that the lands bordering the Atlantic Ocean were once joined (South America and Africa in particular). Humboldt resurrected the use of the word cosmos from the ancient Greek and assigned it to his multivolume treatise, Kosmos, in which he sought to unify diverse branches of scientific knowledge and culture. This important work also motivated a holistic perception of the universe as one interacting entity. He was the first person to describe the phenomenon and cause of human-induced climate change, in 1800 and again in 1831, based on observations generated during his travels.
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De l’étude et de la contemplation de la nature ( 1845 )

article publié dans la Revue des Deux mondes

author: Alexander von Humboldt

Plantas subterraneas descripsit Fr. A. ab Humboldt ( 1792 )

scientific article published in 1792

author: Alexander von Humboldt

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