Nathaniel Hawthorne cover

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Nathaniel Hawthorne

American novelist and short story writer

1804   -   1864

movement: Romanticism
genre: gothic fiction
country of citizenship: United States of America
native language: English
educated at: Bowdoin College
occupation: writer, diplomat, novelist, children's writer
position held: ambassador

Nathaniel Hawthorne (; né Hathorne; 1804–1864) was an American novelist, dark romantic, and short story writer. He was born in 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts, to Nathaniel Hathorne and the former Elizabeth Clarke Manning. His ancestors include John Hathorne, the only judge involved in the Salem witch trials who never repented of his actions. He entered Bowdoin College in 1821, was elected to Phi Beta Kappa in 1824, and graduated in 1825. He published his first work in 1828, the novel Fanshawe; he later tried to suppress it, feeling that it was not equal to the standard of his later work. He published several short stories in periodicals, which he collected in 1837 as Twice-Told Tales. The next year, he became engaged to Sophia Peabody. He worked at the Boston Custom House and joined Brook Farm, a transcendentalist community, before marrying Peabody in 1842. The couple moved to The Old Manse in Concord, Massachusetts, later moving to Salem, the Berkshires, then to The Wayside in Concord. The Scarlet Letter was published in 1850, followed by a succession of other novels. A political appointment as consul took Hawthorne and family to Europe before their return to Concord in 1860. Hawthorne died on May 19, 1864, and was survived by his wife and their three children. Much of Hawthorne's writing centers on New England, many works featuring moral metaphors with an anti-Puritan inspiration. His fiction works are considered part of the Romantic movement and, more specifically, dark romanticism. His themes often center on the inherent evil and sin of humanity, and his works often have moral messages and deep psychological complexity. His published works include novels, short stories, and a biography of his college friend Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the United States.
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works

51

The Ambitious Guest

short story by Hawthorne

author: Nathaniel Hawthorne

1800

The Sister Years

short story by Hawthorne

author: Nathaniel Hawthorne

1800

Young Goodman Brown

short story by Nathaniel Hawthorne

author: Nathaniel Hawthorne

1947

The Scarlet Letter

novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne

author: Nathaniel Hawthorne

1850

The House of the Seven Gables

novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne

author: Nathaniel Hawthorne

1851

The Minister's Black Veil

short story by Nathaniel Hawthorne

author: Nathaniel Hawthorne

Twice-Told Tales

short story collection by Nathaniel Hawthorne

author: Nathaniel Hawthorne

1837

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