Ronald Knox

English priest and theologian

1888   -   1957

country of citizenship: United Kingdom
language of expression: English
educated at: Balliol College, Eton College, Summer Fields School, St. Edmund's College, Ware
occupation: translator, writer, Catholic priest, Bible translator, science fiction writer, Anglican priest
position held: protonotary apostolic

Ronald Arbuthnott Knox (17 February 1888 – 24 August 1957) was an English Catholic priest, theologian, author, and radio broadcaster. Educated at Eton and Balliol, where he earned a high reputation as a classicist, Knox was a ordained as a priest of the Church of England (in which his father served as Bishop of Manchester) in 1912. He was a fellow and chaplain of Trinity College, Oxford until he resigned following his conversion to Roman Catholicism in 1917. Knox became a Catholic priest in 1918, continuing in that capacity his scholarly and literary career. He served as Catholic chaplain at the University of Oxford from 1926 to 1939. He prepared a new English translation of the Latin Vulgate Bible, which was one of the approved vernacular versions of the Bible for use in Catholic services in the 1960s and 70s (see Knox Bible). He published many other books, including essays on religious, philosophical, and literary subjects, as well as several popular works of detective fiction. He is remembered for his "Ten Commandments" for detective stories, which describe a form of crime fiction in which the reader can participate by attempting to find a solution to the mystery before the fictional detective reveals it.
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