Carlos Marighella

Brazilian terrorist

1911   -   1969

country of citizenship: Brazil
native language: Portuguese
occupation: terrorist, writer, poet, politician
position held: Brazilian federal deputy

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Carlos Marighella (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈkaʁluz ˌmaɾiˈɡɛlɐ]; 5 December 1911 – 4 November 1969) was a Brazilian politician, writer and guerrilla fighter of Marxist-Leninist orientation, accused of engaging in "terrorist acts" against the Brazilian Military Dictatorship.Marighella's most famous contribution to revolutionary terrorism literature was the Minimanual of the Urban Guerrilla, consisting of advice on how to disrupt and overthrow a military regime, aiming at revolution to implement a Marxist dictatorship. Written shortly before his death in late 1969 in São Paulo, Minimanual was first published in North America by the Berkeley Tribe in Berkeley, California in July 1970 in an English edition. Marighella also wrote For the Liberation of Brazil. The theories laid out in both books have greatly influenced contemporary ideological activism. His ideas of revolution were complementary to Che Guevara's, who proposed guerrilla activity in the countryside, Marighela's theories on urban guerrilla warfare contemplated cities as a key point of support for the peasant's armed revolt. As an advocate of urban guerrilla warfare as means to assist a larger scale rural uprising, Marighella's work was the latest tome in the small library of guerrilla literature in the 20th century.
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