Author

Rabindranath Tagore

Bengali poet and philosopher

1861   -   1941

genre: essay, short story, novel
country of citizenship: British Raj, India
native language: Bengali
language of expression: English, Bengali, Punjabi
educated at: University College London, University of Calcutta, Presidency University
occupation: painter, Polymath, poet, composer, playwright, essayist, philosopher, artist, writer, lyricist, songwriter, singer
award received: Nobel Prize in Literature, Order of the British Empire

Rabindranath Tagore ( (listen); born Robindronath Thakur, 7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), also known by his pen name Bhanu Singha Thakur (Bhonita), and also known by his sobriquets Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi, was a polymath, poet, musician, and artist from the Indian subcontinent. He reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Author of the "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse" of Gitanjali, he became in 1913 the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Tagore's poetic songs were viewed as spiritual and mercurial; however, his "elegant prose and magical poetry" remain largely unknown outside Bengal. He is sometimes referred to as "the Bard of Bengal".A Brahmo Hindu from Calcutta with ancestral gentry roots in Burdwan District and Jessore, Tagore wrote poetry as an eight-year-old. At the age of sixteen, he released his first substantial poems under the pseudonym Bhānusiṃha ("Sun Lion"), which were seized upon by literary authorities as long-lost classics. By 1877 he graduated to his first short stories and dramas, published under his real name. As a humanist, universalist, internationalist, and ardent anti-nationalist, he denounced the British Raj and advocated independence from Britain. As an exponent of the Bengal Renaissance, he advanced a vast canon that comprised paintings, sketches and doodles, hundreds of texts, and some two thousand songs; his legacy also endures in the institution he founded, Visva-Bharati University.Tagore modernised Bengali art by spurning rigid classical forms and resisting linguistic strictures. His novels, stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays spoke to topics political and personal. Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Gora (Fair-Faced) and Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World) are his best-known works, and his verse, short stories, and novels were acclaimed—or panned—for their lyricism, colloquialism, naturalism, and unnatural contemplation. His compositions were chosen by two nations as national anthems: India's Jana Gana Mana and Bangladesh's Amar Shonar Bangla. The Sri Lankan national anthem was inspired by his work.
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works

39

Gitanjali

collection of poems by Rabindranath Tagore

author: Rabindranath Tagore

1910

Stream of Life

poem written by Rabindranath Tagore

author: Rabindranath Tagore

Chokher Bali

novel by Rabindranath Tagore

author: Rabindranath Tagore

Chaturanga

novel by Rabindranath Tagore

author: Rabindranath Tagore

Chitto Jetha Bhayshunyo

poem by Rabindranath Tagore

author: Rabindranath Tagore

The Gardener

book by Rabindranath Tagore

author: Rabindranath Tagore

1913

Nastanirh

novella by Rabindranath Tagore

author: Rabindranath Tagore

1901

Raja

play by Rabindranath Tagore written in 1910

author: Rabindranath Tagore

1910

Shesher Kabita

novel by Rabindranath Tagore

author: Rabindranath Tagore

1929

The Essential Tagore

book by Rabindranath Tagore

author: Rabindranath Tagore

2011

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