Leo Tolstoy

Russian writer

Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (; Russian: Лев Николаевич Толстой, tr. Lev Nikoláyevich Tolstóy; [lʲef nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ tɐlˈstoj] (listen); 9 September [O.S. 28 August] 1828 – 20 November [O.S. 7 November] 1910), usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time.Born to an aristocratic Russian family in 1828, he is best known for the novels War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877), often cited as pinnacles of realist fiction. He first achieved literary acclaim in his twenties with his semi-autobiographical trilogy, Childhood, Boyhood, and Youth (1852–1856), and Sevastopol Sketches (1855), based upon his experiences in the Crimean War. Tolstoy's fiction includes dozens of short stories and several novellas such as The Death of Ivan Ilyich (1886), Family Happiness (1859), and Hadji Murad (1912). He also wrote plays and numerous philosophical essays. In the 1870s Tolstoy experienced a profound moral crisis, followed by what he regarded as an equally profound spiritual awakening, as outlined in his non-fiction work A Confession (1882). His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. Tolstoy's ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You (1894), were to have a profound impact on such pivotal 20th-century figures as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, and Martin Luther King, Jr. Tolstoy also became a dedicated advocate of Georgism, the economic philosophy of Henry George, which he incorporated into his writing, particularly Resurrection (1899).
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works

118

Anna Karenina

1877 novel by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

1877

War and Peace

1869 novel by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

1869

The Death of Ivan Ilyich

Novella by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

1886

Resurrection

Novel by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

1899

L'Esclavage moderne

book by Leo Tolstoj

author: Leo Tolstoy

1900

Le Prince Nekhlioudov

collection of 3 short stories by Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

Hadji Murat

novel by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

1912

A Calendar of Wisdom

book by Leo Tolstoj

author: Leo Tolstoy

1910

articles

8

Патриотизм и правительство

edition of Tolstoy's work

author: Leo Tolstoy

Le Non-agir

article de Léon Tolstoï

author: Leo Tolstoy

Lettre sur la lutte contre le mal ( 1886 )

article de Léon Tolstoï

author: Leo Tolstoy

Raison et religion

article de Léon Tolstoï

author: Leo Tolstoy

À propos du testament de Nobel ( 1900 )

article paru dans La Revue blanche

author: Leo Tolstoy

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