Leo Tolstoy

Russian writer

Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (; Russian: Лев Николаевич Толстой, tr. Lev Nikoláyevich Tolstóy; [lʲef nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ tɐlˈstoj] ( listen); 9 September [O.S. 28 August] 1828 – 20 November [O.S. 7 November] 1910), usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time.Born to an aristocratic Russian family in 1828, he is best known for the novels War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877), often cited as pinnacles of realist fiction. He first achieved literary acclaim in his twenties with his semi-autobiographical trilogy, Childhood, Boyhood, and Youth (1852–1856), and Sevastopol Sketches (1855), based upon his experiences in the Crimean War. Tolstoy's fiction includes dozens of short stories and several novellas such as The Death of Ivan Ilyich (1886), Family Happiness (1859), and Hadji Murad (1912). He also wrote plays and numerous philosophical essays. In the 1870s Tolstoy experienced a profound moral crisis, followed by what he regarded as an equally profound spiritual awakening, as outlined in his non-fiction work A Confession (1882). His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. Tolstoy's ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You (1894), were to have a profound impact on such pivotal 20th-century figures as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, and Martin Luther King, Jr. Tolstoy also became a dedicated advocate of Georgism, the economic philosophy of Henry George, which he incorporated into his writing, particularly Resurrection (1899).
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works

119

The Big Oven

short story attributed to Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

1899

Идиллия

short story by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

1911

Sur la tolérance religieuse

essay by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

Patriotism and Government

essay by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

Why Do Men Stupefy Themselves?

essay by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

The Slavery of Our Times

essay by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

Ермак

short story by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

1872

Два старика

story by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

1885

Охота пуще неволи

short story by Leo Tolstoy

author: Leo Tolstoy

1875

articles

8

À propos du testament de Nobel ( 1900 )

article paru dans La Revue blanche

author: Leo Tolstoy

Бессмысленные мечтания ( 1895 )

статья Льва Николаевича Толстого

author: Leo Tolstoy

Du Sens de la Vie (Tolstoï) ( 1900 )

article paru dans La Revue blanche

author: Leo Tolstoy

Du Suicide (Tolstoï) ( 1900 )

article paru dans La Revue blanche

author: Leo Tolstoy

Патриотизм и правительство

edition of Tolstoy's work

author: Leo Tolstoy

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