Dīwān ul-Lughat al-Turk cover

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Dīwān ul-Lughat al-Turk


The Turkic scholar Mahmud Kashgari studied the Turkic languages of his time and wrote the first comprehensive dictionary of Turkic languages, the Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk (Arabic: ديوان لغات الترك‎ , i.e., "Compendium of the languages of the Turks") in 1072–74. It was intended for use by the Caliphs of Baghdad, who were controlled by the Seljuk Turks. Mahmud al-Kashgari's comprehensive dictionary, later edited by the Turkish historian, Ali Amiri, contains specimens of old Turkic poetry in the typical form of quatrains of Perso-Arabic literature (Azerbaijani: dördəm, Arabic and Persian رباعیات rubāiyāt; Turkish: dörtlük), representing all the principal genres: epic, pastoral, didactic, lyric, and elegiac. His book also included the first known map of the areas inhabited by Turkic peoples. This map is housed at the National Library in Istanbul.
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date of publication: 1075

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