Wilhelm Wundt cover

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Wilhelm Wundt

German physician, physiologist, philosopher and professor

1832   -   1920

country of citizenship: Germany
educated at: University of Tübingen, Heidelberg University, Humboldt University of Berlin
occupation: philosopher, physician, university teacher, politician
award received: Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art, Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts
position held: member of the Senate of France, Member of the Second Chamber of the Diet of the Grand Duchy of Baden
student of: Johannes Peter Müller

Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (; German: [vʊnt]; 16 August 1832 – 31 August 1920) was a German physician, physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founding figures of modern psychology. Wundt, who noted psychology as a science apart from philosophy and biology, was the first person ever to call himself a psychologist. He is widely regarded as the "father of experimental psychology". In 1879, Wundt founded the first formal laboratory for psychological research at the University of Leipzig. This marked psychology as an independent field of study. By creating this laboratory he was able to establish psychology as a separate science from other disciplines. He also formed the first academic journal for psychological research, Philosophische Studien (from 1881 to 1902), set up to publish the Institute's research.A survey published in American Psychologist in 1991 ranked Wundt's reputation in first place regarding "all-time eminence" based on ratings provided by 29 American historians of psychology. William James and Sigmund Freud were ranked a distant second and third.
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